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Review

Suprascapular Neuropathy around the Shoulder: A Current Concept Review

1
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Fondazione Poliambulanza (Brescia)—Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy
2
Institut Català de Traumatologia i Medicina de l’Esport (ICATME)—Hospital Universitari Quiròn-Dexeus. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
3
Orthopedic department, Gemeinschaftsklinikum Mittelrhein, 56073 Koblenz, Germany
4
Department of Traumatology and Reconstructive Surgery, BG Trauma Center Tübingen, Eberhard-Karls University of Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
5
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital del Mar. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08028 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(8), 2331; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082331
Received: 17 May 2020 / Revised: 16 July 2020 / Accepted: 18 July 2020 / Published: 22 July 2020
Suprascapular neuropathy is an uncommon but increasingly recognized cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction due to nerve entrapment. The aim of this review is to summarize some important aspects of this shoulder pathology. An extensive research was performed on PubMed and Clinical Key. The goal was to collect all the anatomical, biomechanical and clinical studies to conduct an extensive overview of the issue. Attention was focused on researching the state of art of the diagnosis and treatment. A total of 59 studies were found suitable and included. This condition is more frequently diagnosed in over-head athletes or patients with massive rotator cuff tears. Diagnosis may be complex, whereas its treatment is safe, and it has a great success rate. Prompt diagnosis is crucial as chronic conditions have worse outcomes compared to acute lesions. Proper instrumental evaluation and imaging are essential. Dynamic compression must initially be treated non-operatively. If there is no improvement, surgical release should be considered. On the other hand, soft tissue lesions may first be treated non-operatively. However, surgical treatment by arthroscopic means is advisable when possible as it represents the gold standard therapy. Other concomitant shoulder lesions must be recognized and treated accordingly. View Full-Text
Keywords: suprascapular nerve palsy; spinoglenoid notch; suprascapular notch; Arthroscopic nerve release; shoulder neuropathy; over-head activities suprascapular nerve palsy; spinoglenoid notch; suprascapular notch; Arthroscopic nerve release; shoulder neuropathy; over-head activities
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bozzi, F.; Alabau-Rodriguez, S.; Barrera-Ochoa, S.; Ateschrang, A.; Schreiner, A.J.; Monllau, J.C.; Perelli, S. Suprascapular Neuropathy around the Shoulder: A Current Concept Review. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 2331. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082331

AMA Style

Bozzi F, Alabau-Rodriguez S, Barrera-Ochoa S, Ateschrang A, Schreiner AJ, Monllau JC, Perelli S. Suprascapular Neuropathy around the Shoulder: A Current Concept Review. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(8):2331. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082331

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bozzi, Federico, Sergi Alabau-Rodriguez, Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, Atesch Ateschrang, Anna J. Schreiner, Juan Carlos Monllau, and Simone Perelli. 2020. "Suprascapular Neuropathy around the Shoulder: A Current Concept Review" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 8: 2331. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9082331

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