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Open AccessReview

Diet: A Specific Part of the Western Lifestyle Pack in the Asthma Epidemic

1
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Regional Campus of International Excellence “Campus Mare Nostrum”, 30100 Murcia, Spain
2
Biomedical Research Institute of Murcia (IMIB-Arrixaca), University of Murcia, 30003 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(7), 2063; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9072063
Received: 24 May 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 27 June 2020 / Published: 1 July 2020
The Western lifestyle is a complex concept that includes the diet as the main axis of different factors which contribute to a detrimental effect on health, lower life expectancy and low quality-of-life. This type of diet is characterized by being high in calories, mainly provided by saturated fats, and rich in sugars that can lead to changes in immune cells and their responsiveness, by different mechanisms that have yet to be totally clarified. Inflammatory processes are perpetuated through different pathways, in which adipose tissue is a major factor. High fat stores in overweight and obesity accumulate energy but the endocrine function is also producing and releasing different bioactive compounds, adipokines, known to be pro-inflammatory and which play an important role in the pathogenesis of asthma. This review therefore explores the latest evidence regarding the adverse effect of the Western diet on adipose tissue inflammation and its causative effect on the asthma epidemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: Western lifestyle; saturated fats; simple carbohydrates; obesity; adipose tissue; inflammation; asthma Western lifestyle; saturated fats; simple carbohydrates; obesity; adipose tissue; inflammation; asthma
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MDPI and ACS Style

Frontela-Saseta, C.; González-Bermúdez, C.A.; García-Marcos, L. Diet: A Specific Part of the Western Lifestyle Pack in the Asthma Epidemic. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 2063.

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