Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease of which the etiology remains unknown. The diverse clinical manifestations may challenge clinicians, particularly when conventional markers are inconclusive. From various studies, it has become clear that fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT aids in sarcoidosis care. In this article, an update on FDG PET/CT in sarcoidosis is provided. The use of FDG PET/CT in the diagnostic process of sarcoidosis is explained, especially in determining treatable inflammatory lesions in symptomatic patients with indecisive conventional tests. Furthermore, FDG PET/CT for evaluating the potential benefit of additional inflammatory treatment is described and its use in cardiac sarcoidosis is highlighted.
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