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Article

The Role of Emotional Regulation and Affective Balance on Health Perception in Cardiovascular Disease Patients According to Sex Differences

1
Maimonides Biomedical Research Institute of Córdoba (IMIBIC), 14004 Córdoba, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, University of Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
3
Department of Didactics of Experimental Sciences, University of Córdoba, 14071 Cordoba, Spain
4
Department of Social Psychology, University of Seville, 41018 Seville, Spain
5
Lipids and Atherosclerosis Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Reina Sofía University Hospital, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
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Department of Medicine (Medicine, Dermatology and Otorhinolaryngology), University of Córdoba, 14004 Cordoba, Spain
7
CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), 28007 Madrid, Spain
8
Instituto de Neurociencias de Castilla y León (INCYL), University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(10), 3165; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9103165
Received: 2 August 2020 / Revised: 21 September 2020 / Accepted: 28 September 2020 / Published: 30 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coronary Artery Disease: The Role of Sex)
One of the challenges of aging is the increase of people with chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). Men and women experience the disease differently. Therefore, it has an impact on how CVD is treated and its outcomes. This research analyzed the relationship between psychosocial variables and health promotion among cardiovascular patients, paying special attention to sex differences. A longitudinal study with cardiovascular patients (747 in phase 1 (122 women) and 586 in phase 2 (83 women)) was carried out. Participants were evaluated based on their sociodemographic characteristics, affective balance, regulatory negative affect self-efficacy, stress and anxiety regulation strategies, and perceived global health. Results showed that men presented significantly higher scores in positive affect, affective balance, and self-efficacy to regulate negative emotions, while women presented significantly higher scores in negative affect and the use of passive strategies to cope with stressful situations. Regression analyses showed that all psychological variables studied in phase 1 were significant predictors of health perception in phase 2. According to the results, it is necessary to include strategies to improve cardiovascular health through education and emotional regulation, with a gender focus. View Full-Text
Keywords: Gender; women’s health; emotional regulation; cardiovascular health Gender; women’s health; emotional regulation; cardiovascular health
MDPI and ACS Style

Luque, B.; Castillo-Mayén, R.; Cuadrado, E.; Gutiérrez-Domingo, T.; Rubio, S.J.; Arenas, A.; Delgado-Lista, J.; Pérez Martínez, P.; Tabernero, C. The Role of Emotional Regulation and Affective Balance on Health Perception in Cardiovascular Disease Patients According to Sex Differences. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 3165. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9103165

AMA Style

Luque B, Castillo-Mayén R, Cuadrado E, Gutiérrez-Domingo T, Rubio SJ, Arenas A, Delgado-Lista J, Pérez Martínez P, Tabernero C. The Role of Emotional Regulation and Affective Balance on Health Perception in Cardiovascular Disease Patients According to Sex Differences. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2020; 9(10):3165. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9103165

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luque, Bárbara, Rosario Castillo-Mayén, Esther Cuadrado, Tamara Gutiérrez-Domingo, Sebastián J. Rubio, Alicia Arenas, Javier Delgado-Lista, Pablo Pérez Martínez, and Carmen Tabernero. 2020. "The Role of Emotional Regulation and Affective Balance on Health Perception in Cardiovascular Disease Patients According to Sex Differences" Journal of Clinical Medicine 9, no. 10: 3165. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9103165

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