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Open AccessArticle

Obesity Does Not Increase the Risk of Asthma Readmissions

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Department of Medicine, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15705 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Spanish Biomedical Research Networking Centre-CIBERES, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Respiratory Medicine, University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela (CHUS), 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology-Biological Research Centre (CIBUS), Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Department of Experimental Medical Science, Respiratory Immunopharmacology group, Lund University, 223 62 Lund, Sweden
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Clinical Analysis Service, University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela (CHUS), 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Department of Radiology, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Department of Respiratory Medicine, University Hospital of Ferrol, 15045 Ferrol, Spain
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Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hospital Vall d’Hebron, 08023 Barcelona, Spain
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Department of Developmental Psychology, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Emergency Department, Hospital O Salnes, 36600 Vilagarcía de Arousa, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(1), 221; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9010221 (registering DOI)
Received: 1 December 2019 / Revised: 22 December 2019 / Accepted: 12 January 2020 / Published: 14 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Pulmonology)
The relationship between obesity and asthma exacerbations is still under debate. The aim of our work is to analyse the relationship between obesity and hospital re-admissions in asthmatics. A review was retrospectively performed on all hospital admissions of adult patients due to asthma exacerbation occurring in our hospital for 11 years. All those cases with asthma as the first diagnosis in the discharge report were included, or those with asthma as the second diagnosis provided when the first diagnosis was respiratory infection or respiratory failure. Only the first hospital admission of each patient was included in this study. The Odds Ratios of a higher incidence of early/late readmissions due to asthma exacerbation were calculated using a binary logistic regression, using the body mass index (BMI) as independent variable, adjusted for all the variables included in the study. The study included 809 patients with a mean age of 55.6 years, and 65.2% were female. The majority (71.4%) were obese or overweight. No significant relationship was observed in the univariate or multivariate analyses between overweight or obesity and the early or late hospital readmissions due to asthma. Therefore, obesity does not seem to be a determining factor in the risk of asthma exacerbations. View Full-Text
Keywords: asthma exacerbations; obesity; hospital readmissions; prognosis asthma exacerbations; obesity; hospital readmissions; prognosis
MDPI and ACS Style

Gonzalez-Barcala, F.-J.; Nieto-Fontarigo, J.-J.; Lourido-Cebreiro, T.; Rodríguez-García, C.; San-Jose, M.-E.; Carreira, J.-M.; Calvo-Alvarez, U.; Cruz, M.-J.; Facal, D.; Garcia-Sanz, M.-T.; Valdes-Cuadrado, L.; Salgado, F.-J. Obesity Does Not Increase the Risk of Asthma Readmissions. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 221.

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