Next Article in Journal
Transthoracic Impedance Measured with Defibrillator Pads—New Interpretations of Signal Change Induced by Ventilations
Next Article in Special Issue
LRRTM4 and PCSK5 Genetic Polymorphisms as Markers for Cognitive Impairment in A Hypotensive Aging Population: A Genome-Wide Association Study in Taiwan
Previous Article in Journal
Implant Fixation and Risk of Prosthetic Joint Infection Following Primary Total Hip Replacement: Meta-Analysis of Observational Cohort and Randomised Intervention Studies
Previous Article in Special Issue
Resting Heart Rate Variability Predicts Vulnerability to Pharmacologically-Induced Ventricular Arrhythmias in Male Rats
Open AccessReview

Heart Rate Variability in Sport Performance: Do Time of Day and Chronotype Play A Role?

1
IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Via Riccardo Galeazzi 4, 20161 Milan, Italy
2
Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Giuseppe Colombo 71, 20133 Milan, Italy
3
Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Via Olgettina 58, 20132 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(5), 723; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8050723
Received: 24 April 2019 / Revised: 10 May 2019 / Accepted: 20 May 2019 / Published: 21 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Autonomic Nervous System: From Bench to Bedside)
A reliable non-invasive method to assess autonomic nervous system activity involves the evaluation of the time course of heart rate variability (HRV). HRV may vary in accordance with the degree and duration of training, and the circadian fluctuation of this variable is crucial for human health since the heart adapts to the needs of different activity levels during sleep phases or in the daytime. In the present review, time-of-day and chronotype effect on HRV in response to acute sessions of physical activity are discussed. Results are sparse and controversial; however, it seems that evening-type subjects have a higher perturbation of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), with slowed vagal reactivation and higher heart rate values in response to morning exercise than morning types. Conversely, both chronotype categories showed similar ANS activity during evening physical tasks, suggesting that this time of day seems to perturb the HRV circadian rhythm to a lesser extent. The control for chronotype and time-of-day effect represents a key strategy for individual training schedules, and, in perspective, for primary injury prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: HRV; circadian typology; physical activity; orthopaedics; HIIT. HRV; circadian typology; physical activity; orthopaedics; HIIT.
MDPI and ACS Style

Vitale, J.A.; Bonato, M.; La Torre, A.; Banfi, G. Heart Rate Variability in Sport Performance: Do Time of Day and Chronotype Play A Role? J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 723.

AMA Style

Vitale JA, Bonato M, La Torre A, Banfi G. Heart Rate Variability in Sport Performance: Do Time of Day and Chronotype Play A Role? Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(5):723.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vitale, Jacopo A.; Bonato, Matteo; La Torre, Antonio; Banfi, Giuseppe. 2019. "Heart Rate Variability in Sport Performance: Do Time of Day and Chronotype Play A Role?" J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 5: 723.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop