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Maternal Age and Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium: Obstetric Results

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jaen Hospital Complex, 23007 Jaen, Spain
2
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital San Juan de la Cruz, 23400 Ubeda, Spain
3
Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaen, 23071 Jaen, Spain
4
Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
5
Department of Nursing, University of Jaen, 23071 Jaen, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(5), 672; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8050672
Received: 24 April 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 13 May 2019 / Published: 13 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Obstetrics & Gynecology)
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PDF [248 KB, uploaded 13 May 2019]

Abstract

Delaying maternity is becoming more common, resulting in questions regarding the influence age may have on obstetric results. Therefore, we proposed the objective to determine the association between maternal age and different health variables during pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium. We conducted an observational study in Spain with primiparous women in which data was collected on sociodemographic, health and obstetric variables. Crude and adjusted mean differences were calculated with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals. The study included a final sample of 373 women. The mean age of women presenting with hypertension during pregnancy was 34.54 years (95% CI: 31.80–37.27) compared with a mean of 30.11 (95% CI: 29.56–30.66) in women that did not (p = 0.002). Women who had a eutocic delivery were also younger: 29.17 years (95% CI: 28.48–29.86) compared with 31.90 years (95% CI: 31.05–32.74; p < 0.001) for those that had a dystocic delivery. The duration of dilatation was longer in those ≥35 years (p = 0.001). In conclusion, an advanced maternal age is associated with a higher incidence of pathology during pregnancy and dystocic labor. View Full-Text
Keywords: maternal age; obstetric outcomes; pregnancy; labor; puerperium maternal age; obstetric outcomes; pregnancy; labor; puerperium
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Molina-García, L.; Hidalgo-Ruiz, M.; Arredondo-López, B.; Colomino-Ceprián, S.; Delgado-Rodríguez, M.; Martínez-Galiano, J.M. Maternal Age and Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Puerperium: Obstetric Results. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 672.

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