Association between Sarcopenia and Depression in Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases
AbstractAssociation between sarcopenia, as evaluated by grip strength (GS) and skeletal muscle mass (SMM), and depression, as evaluated by Beck Depression Inventory-2nd edition (BDI-II) in chronic liver diseases (CLDs, n = 414, average age = 61.5 years), was investigated. Study subjects were classified into four groups: Group A (n = 60), lower GS and lower SMM (sarcopenia); group B (n = 44), lower GS and higher SMM; group C (n = 100), higher GS and lower SMM; group D (n = 210), higher GS and higher SMM. Factors associated with BDI-II score ≥11 were examined. BDI-II score 0–10 (normal) was found in 284 (68.6%), 11–16 (minimal) in 76 (18.4%), 17–20 (mild) in 24 (5.8%), 21–30 (moderate) in 15 (3.6%), and ≥31 (severe) in 15 (3.6%). The average ± standard deviation BDI-II score in liver cirrhosis (LC) patients (10.2 ± 9.6, n = 152) was significantly higher than that in non-LC patients (7.4 ± 7.2, n = 262) (p = 0.0058). Univariate analysis identified three factors to be significantly associated with BDI-I score ≥11: Our classification (groups of A, B, C, and D) (p = 0.0259), serum albumin (p = 0.0445), and the presence of LC (p = 0.0157). Multivariate analysis revealed that only group A (p = 0.0074, group D as a reference) was significant. In conclusion, sarcopenia can be an independent predictor for depression in CLDs. View Full-Text
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Nishikawa, H.; Enomoto, H.; Yoh, K.; Iwata, Y.; Sakai, Y.; Kishino, K.; Ikeda, N.; Takashima, T.; Aizawa, N.; Takata, R.; Hasegawa, K.; Ishii, N.; Yuri, Y.; Nishimura, T.; Iijima, H.; Nishiguchi, S. Association between Sarcopenia and Depression in Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 634.
Nishikawa H, Enomoto H, Yoh K, Iwata Y, Sakai Y, Kishino K, Ikeda N, Takashima T, Aizawa N, Takata R, Hasegawa K, Ishii N, Yuri Y, Nishimura T, Iijima H, Nishiguchi S. Association between Sarcopenia and Depression in Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(5):634.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nishikawa, Hiroki; Enomoto, Hirayuki; Yoh, Kazunori; Iwata, Yoshinori; Sakai, Yoshiyuki; Kishino, Kyohei; Ikeda, Naoto; Takashima, Tomoyuki; Aizawa, Nobuhiro; Takata, Ryo; Hasegawa, Kunihiro; Ishii, Noriko; Yuri, Yukihisa; Nishimura, Takashi; Iijima, Hiroko; Nishiguchi, Shuhei. 2019. "Association between Sarcopenia and Depression in Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases." J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 5: 634.
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