Next Article in Journal
Endothelin-1 Induces Mesothelial Mesenchymal Transition and Correlates with Pleural Fibrosis in Tuberculous Pleural Effusions
Next Article in Special Issue
Predictors of Sexual Dysfunction in Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Previous Article in Journal
Ultrasound Tissue Characterization of Carotid Plaques Differs Between Patients with Type 1 Diabetes and Subjects without Diabetes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Mental Health and Proximal Stressors in Transgender Men and Women
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Sexual Dysfunctions and Their Association with the Dual Control Model of Sexual Response in Men and Women with High-Functioning Autism

1
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Mainz, 55131 Mainz, Germany
2
Institute for Sex Research and Forensic Psychiatry, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany
3
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20246 Hamburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(4), 425; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8040425
Received: 20 February 2019 / Revised: 20 March 2019 / Accepted: 22 March 2019 / Published: 28 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Research in Sexuality and Mental Health)
  |  
PDF [233 KB, uploaded 28 March 2019]

Abstract

Adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, repetitive and stereotyped interests and behaviours as well as hyper- and/or hyposensitivities. These disorder specific symptoms could be associated with the development of sexual disorders. The Dual Control Model of Sexual Response presents one approach that is frequently used to explain the emergence of sexual dysfunctions. The aim of the present study was to assess the extent of symptoms of sexual dysfunctions in men and women with ASD and to evaluate their association with the individual propensity of sexual excitation and inhibition as defined by the Dual Control Model. Both men and women with ASD were more likely to report about sexual dysfunctions than individuals from the control group. In men with ASD, sexual inhibition was significantly correlated with the emergence of sexual dysfunctions, while there was no association between sexual functioning and sexual excitation. In women, the opposite pattern was found. Especially the peculiarities in sensitive perception could be responsible for the observed problems with sexual functioning in individuals with ASD. The present findings highlight the great need for specialized treatment programs addressing the frequently observed sexuality-related problems in individuals with ASD. However, up to now such treatment programs are lacking. View Full-Text
Keywords: sexual dysfunction; autism; erectile dysfunction; sexual satisfaction; Asperger syndrome; sexual desire; lubrication; sexual intercourse; sexual excitation; sexual inhibition sexual dysfunction; autism; erectile dysfunction; sexual satisfaction; Asperger syndrome; sexual desire; lubrication; sexual intercourse; sexual excitation; sexual inhibition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Turner, D.; Briken, P.; Schöttle, D. Sexual Dysfunctions and Their Association with the Dual Control Model of Sexual Response in Men and Women with High-Functioning Autism. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 425.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Clin. Med. EISSN 2077-0383 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top