Next Article in Journal
Age-Related Improvements in Peak Cardiorespiratory Fitness among Coronary Heart Disease Patients Following Cardiac Rehabilitation
Next Article in Special Issue
Virtual Enactment Effect on Memory in Young and Aged Populations: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Adult Patient Risk Stratification Using a Risk Score for Periodontitis
 
 
Article

Exposure to a Standardized Catastrophic Scenario in Virtual Reality or a Personalized Scenario in Imagination for Generalized Anxiety Disorder

1
Département de Psychologie, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC H3C 3P8, Canada
2
Département de Psychoéducation et de Psychologie, Université du Québec en Outaouais, Gatineau, QC J8X 3X7, Canada
3
School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(3), 309; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030309
Received: 19 January 2019 / Revised: 21 February 2019 / Accepted: 26 February 2019 / Published: 5 March 2019
The cognitive behavioral treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) often involves exposing patients to a catastrophic scenario depicting their most feared worry. The aim of this study was to examine whether a standardized scenario recreated in virtual reality (VR) would elicit anxiety and negative affect and how it compared to the traditional method of imagining a personalized catastrophic scenario. A sample of 28 participants were first exposed to a neutral non-catastrophic scenario and then to a personalized scenario in imagination or a standardized virtual scenario presented in a counterbalanced order. The participants completed questionnaires before and after each immersion. The results suggest that the standardized virtual scenario induced significant anxiety. No difference was found when comparing exposure to the standardized scenario in VR and exposure to the personalized scenario in imagination. These findings were specific to anxiety and not to the broader measure of negative affect. Individual differences in susceptibility to feel present in VR was a significant predictor of increase in anxiety and negative affect. Future research could use these scenarios to conduct a randomized control trial to test the efficacy and cost/benefits of using VR in the treatment of GAD. View Full-Text
Keywords: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD); virtual reality; exposure in virtual reality; cognitive exposure; standardized scenario; personalized scenario Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD); virtual reality; exposure in virtual reality; cognitive exposure; standardized scenario; personalized scenario
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Guitard, T.; Bouchard, S.; Bélanger, C.; Berthiaume, M. Exposure to a Standardized Catastrophic Scenario in Virtual Reality or a Personalized Scenario in Imagination for Generalized Anxiety Disorder. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 309. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030309

AMA Style

Guitard T, Bouchard S, Bélanger C, Berthiaume M. Exposure to a Standardized Catastrophic Scenario in Virtual Reality or a Personalized Scenario in Imagination for Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(3):309. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030309

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guitard, Tanya, Stéphane Bouchard, Claude Bélanger, and Maxine Berthiaume. 2019. "Exposure to a Standardized Catastrophic Scenario in Virtual Reality or a Personalized Scenario in Imagination for Generalized Anxiety Disorder" Journal of Clinical Medicine 8, no. 3: 309. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030309

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop