Risk Score to Predict Dental Caries in Adult Patients for Use in the Clinical Setting
AbstractBackground: There is a need for risk prediction tools in caries research. This investigation aimed to estimate and evaluate a risk score for prediction of dental caries. Materials and Methods: This case-cohort study included a random sample of 177 cases (with dental caries) and 220 controls (randomly sampled from the study population at baseline), followed for 3 years. The risk ratio (RR) for each potential predictor was estimated using a logistic regression model. The level of significance was 5%. Results: The risk model for dental caries included the predictors: “presence of bacterial plaque/calculus” (RR = 4.1), “restorations with more than 5 years” (RR = 2.3), “>8 teeth restored” (RR = 2.0), “history/active periodontitis” (RR = 1.7) and “presence of systemic condition” (RR = 1.4). The risk model discrimination (95% confidence interval) was 0.78 (0.73; 0.82) (p < 0.001, C-statistic). Patients were distributed into three risk groups based on the pre-analysis risk (54%): low risk (<half the pre-analysis risk; caries incidence = 6.8%), moderate risk (half-to-less than the pre-analysis risk; caries incidence = 20.4%) and high risk (≥the pre-analysis risk; caries incidence = 27%). Conclusions: The present study estimated a simple risk score for prediction of dental caries retrieved from a risk algorithm with good discrimination. View Full-Text
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Description: Database used to retrieve the risk score for caries prediction
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de Araújo Nobre, M.; Sezinando, A.; Fernandes, I.; Maló, P. Risk Score to Predict Dental Caries in Adult Patients for Use in the Clinical Setting. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 203.
de Araújo Nobre M, Sezinando A, Fernandes I, Maló P. Risk Score to Predict Dental Caries in Adult Patients for Use in the Clinical Setting. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(2):203.Chicago/Turabian Style
de Araújo Nobre, Miguel; Sezinando, Ana; Fernandes, Inês; Maló, Paulo. 2019. "Risk Score to Predict Dental Caries in Adult Patients for Use in the Clinical Setting." J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 2: 203.
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