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Treatment of Anorexia Nervosa—New Evidence-Based Guidelines
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J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(2), 161; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020161

Gender-Related Patterns of Emotion Regulation among Patients with Eating Disorders

1
CIBER Fisiopatología Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
2
Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Bellvitge-IDIBELL, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
3
Department of Public Health, Mental Health and Maternal-Child Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Barcelona, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
4
Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Barcelona, L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, 08907 Barcelona, Spain
5
Departament de Psicobiologia i Metodologia de les Ciències de la Salut, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 January 2019 / Revised: 23 January 2019 / Accepted: 28 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anorexia Nervosa)
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Abstract

Difficulties in emotion regulation (ER) are common in females with eating disorders (ED). However, no study to date has analyzed ER in males with ED. In the study at hand, we assessed ER in males with ED and compared results to both females with ED and healthy controls (HC). We also examined associations between ER difficulties, personality, and psychopathology. A total of 62 males with ED were compared with 656 females with ED, as well as 78 male and 286 female HC. ER was assessed by means of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS). We found that males and females with ED showed greater ER difficulties compared to HC. Pronounced general psychopathology was a shared factor associated with higher ER difficulties in both males and females with ED. However, whereas higher novelty seeking, higher cooperativeness, lower reward dependence, and lower self-directedness were related to higher ER difficulties in females with ED, lower persistence was associated with ER difficulties in males with ED. In sum, males and females with ED show similar ER difficulties, yet they are distinct in how ER deficits relate to specific personality traits. Research on strategies promoting ER in the treatment of males with ED is warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: emotion regulation; males; eating disorders emotion regulation; males; eating disorders
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Agüera, Z.; Paslakis, G.; Munguía, L.; Sánchez, I.; Granero, R.; Sánchez-González, J.; Steward, T.; Jiménez-Murcia, S.; Fernández-Aranda, F. Gender-Related Patterns of Emotion Regulation among Patients with Eating Disorders. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 161.

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