Anemia and Iron Deficiency in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): Data from the Know-Ped CKD Study
AbstractChildren with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at high risk of anemia, an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and poor quality of life. The present study used baseline data from the Korean cohort study for Outcome in patients With Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-PedCKD). A Total of 437 patients was included in the analyses excluding missing data. The characteristics of patients with and without anemia and those of patients with and without iron deficiency were compared. Logistic regression analysis and Pearson correlation were conducted to evaluate associated risk factors and correlations in children with CKD. Anemia in children with CKD was associated with older age, low body weight and body mass index (BMI) z-score, birth age, preceding glomerulonephritis, decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), low levels of serum albumin and calcium, high levels of serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), and serum phosphorus. Anemia was correlated positively with changes in the BMI z-score, body weight, and serum albumin and cholesterol levels, but correlated negatively with serum calcium, iPTH, ferritin levels, and transferrin saturation. Iron deficiency in children with CKD was associated with young age, low hemoglobin and serum ferritin levels, high BMI z-scores, and low levels of serum iPTH. This is the first nationwide cohort study of anemia in Korean children with CKD and the first prospective pediatric CKD cohort study in Asia. The study results demonstrated that anemia and iron deficiency are affected by various factors, including age, BMI, and levels of serum iPTH. To improve the retrospective outcome of affected children, it is important to understand the effect of each of these factors and to attempt an early intervention to prevent anemia and iron deficiency by regular measurement of these parameters in children at risk. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 93 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Lee, K.H.; Park, E.; Choi, H.J.; Kang, H.G.; Ha, I.-S.; Cheong, H.I.; Park, Y.S.; Cho, H.; Han, K.H.; Kim, S.H.; Cho, M.H.; Lee, J.H.; Shin, J.I. Anemia and Iron Deficiency in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): Data from the Know-Ped CKD Study. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 152.
Lee KH, Park E, Choi HJ, Kang HG, Ha I-S, Cheong HI, Park YS, Cho H, Han KH, Kim SH, Cho MH, Lee JH, Shin JI. Anemia and Iron Deficiency in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): Data from the Know-Ped CKD Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(2):152.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lee, Keum H.; Park, Eujin; Choi, Hyun J.; Kang, Hee G.; Ha, Il-Soo; Cheong, Hae I.; Park, Young S.; Cho, Heeyeon; Han, Kyoung H.; Kim, Seong H.; Cho, Min H.; Lee, Joo H.; Shin, Jae I. 2019. "Anemia and Iron Deficiency in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): Data from the Know-Ped CKD Study." J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 2: 152.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.