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Open AccessArticle

Fruit and Vegetable Concentrate Supplementation and Cardiovascular Health: A Systematic Review from a Public Health Perspective

1
Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
2
ZETA Research Ltd., 34129 Trieste, Italy
3
Otto Loewi Research Center, Division of Physiological Chemistry, Medical University of Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria
4
The Juice Plus+® Science Institute, Collierville, TN 38017, USA
5
School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(11), 1914; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8111914
Received: 27 September 2019 / Revised: 1 November 2019 / Accepted: 4 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
Fruits and vegetables (FV) are very important for the prevention of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), but it has been demonstrated that FV consumption is below that recommended. Several companies have worked to offer FV concentrates, but it remains unclear whether they represent a potentially effective means of reducing the burden of NCDs. The present study provides a systematic review aimed at assessing the effect of FV concentrate supplementation on select parameters that are known to be risk factors for NCDs. The systematic review was done according to the PRISMA guidelines. Relevant studies were identified through the online databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Embase. The physiological parameters of interest were total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, plasmatic homocysteine, systolic blood pressure, and body mass index. Data extraction was performed in duplicate. The results of the systematic review provided input for a Markov chain simulation model aimed at estimating the public health consequences of various scenarios of FV concentrate utilization on NCDs burden. The present results suggest a positive and significant role of FV concentrate supplementation on select parameters known to affect the risk of NCDs. Such an effect might be hypothesized to turn into mitigation of the burden of those NCDs modulated by the physiological parameters analyzed in the present systematic review. View Full-Text
Keywords: fruits; vegetables; concentrates; supplementation; primary prevention fruits; vegetables; concentrates; supplementation; primary prevention
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Lorenzoni, G.; Minto, C.; Vecchio, M.G.; Zec, S.; Paolin, I.; Lamprecht, M.; Mestroni, L.; Gregori, D. Fruit and Vegetable Concentrate Supplementation and Cardiovascular Health: A Systematic Review from a Public Health Perspective. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1914.

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