Next Article in Journal
Liver Grafts with Major Extended Donor Criteria May Expand the Organ Pool for Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Next Article in Special Issue
Laxer Clinical Criteria for Gaming Disorder May Hinder Future Efforts to Devise an Efficient Diagnostic Approach: A Tree-Based Model Study
Previous Article in Journal
Vaso-Occlusion in Sickle Cell Disease: Is Autonomic Dysregulation of the Microvasculature the Trigger?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Improved Quality of Life Following Addiction Treatment Is Associated with Reductions in Substance Use
Open AccessArticle

Psychopathological Symptoms and Gaming Motives in Disordered Gaming—A Psychometric Comparison between the WHO and APA Diagnostic Frameworks

1
Department of Molecular Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm, Germany
2
School of Media and Communication, RMIT University, VIC 3000 Melbourne, Australia
3
The International Cyberpsychology and Addictions Research Laboratory (iCARL), University of Tasmania, TAS 7005 Launceston, Australia
4
Independent Researcher: 50226 Frechen, Germany
5
Institute of Psychology, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, 1064 Budapest, Hungary
6
Division of Psychology, School of Medicine, University of Tasmania, TAS 7005 Launceston, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this paper.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(10), 1691; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8101691
Received: 5 September 2019 / Revised: 8 October 2019 / Accepted: 10 October 2019 / Published: 15 October 2019
Background: ‘Gaming Disorder’ (GD) has received increased medical attention and official recognition from both the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Although these two medical organizations have independently developed promising clinical diagnostic frameworks to assess disordered gaming, little is known about how these frameworks compare at different psychometric levels in terms of producing consistent outcomes in the assessment of GD. Methods: A sample of 1429 German gamers (Meanage = 29.74 years; SD = 12.37 years) completed an online survey including measures on different psychopathological symptoms (depression, loneliness and attention problems), gaming motives and disordered gaming according to the WHO and APA frameworks. Results: The findings suggest the existence of minor discrepancies in the estimation of prevalence rates of GD according among the two frameworks. Nevertheless, both diagnostic frameworks are fairly consistent in the psychometric prediction of GD in relation to gaming motives and psychopathological symptoms. The findings underscore the role of key gaming motives as risk factors and protective factors across both diagnostic frameworks. Finally, the study provides support for the WHO diagnostic framework for GD and its measurement with the German Gaming Disorder Test (GDT). The findings and their implications are further discussed in terms of clinical relevance. View Full-Text
Keywords: gaming disorder; internet gaming disorder; world health organization; American psychiatric association gaming disorder; internet gaming disorder; world health organization; American psychiatric association
MDPI and ACS Style

Montag, C.; Schivinski, B.; Sariyska, R.; Kannen, C.; Demetrovics, Z.; Pontes, H.M. Psychopathological Symptoms and Gaming Motives in Disordered Gaming—A Psychometric Comparison between the WHO and APA Diagnostic Frameworks. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1691.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop