Effect of Sarcopenia on Sleep Disturbance in Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases
AbstractWe sought to investigate the influence of sarcopenia as defined by muscle strength and skeletal muscle mass (SMM) on sleep disturbance as evaluated by the Japanese version of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J) in chronic liver diseases (CLDs) (n = 419). Muscle strength and muscle mass were determined by grip strength (GS) and SMM using bioimpedance analysis. Patients were classified into four types: type A (n = 61); decreased GS and decreased SMM; type B (n = 45); decreased GS and non-decreased SMM; type C (n = 102); non-decreased GS and decreased SMM; and type D (n = 211); non-decreased GS and non-decreased SMM. Factors associated with PSQI-J score 6 or more were examined. PSQI-J score 0–5 (normal) was found in 253 (60.4%); 6–8 (mild) in 97 (23.2%); 9–11 (moderate) in 45 (10.7%) and 12 or more (severe) in 24 (5.7%). Univariate analysis identified three factors to be significantly associated with PSQI-J score 6 or more: presence of liver cirrhosis (LC) (P = 0.0132); our classification of type A; B; C and D (P < 0.0001) and serum albumin level (P = 0.0041). Multivariate analysis showed that type A (P = 0.0021) and type B (P = 0.0220) were significant independent factors. In conclusion, sarcopenia in CLDs appears to be closely associated with sleep disturbance mainly due to muscle strength decline. View Full-Text
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Nishikawa, H.; Enomoto, H.; Yoh, K.; Iwata, Y.; Sakai, Y.; Kishino, K.; Ikeda, N.; Takashima, T.; Aizawa, N.; Takata, R.; Hasegawa, K.; Ishii, N.; Yuri, Y.; Nishimura, T.; Iijima, H.; Nishiguchi, S. Effect of Sarcopenia on Sleep Disturbance in Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 16.
Nishikawa H, Enomoto H, Yoh K, Iwata Y, Sakai Y, Kishino K, Ikeda N, Takashima T, Aizawa N, Takata R, Hasegawa K, Ishii N, Yuri Y, Nishimura T, Iijima H, Nishiguchi S. Effect of Sarcopenia on Sleep Disturbance in Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2019; 8(1):16.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nishikawa, Hiroki; Enomoto, Hirayuki; Yoh, Kazunori; Iwata, Yoshinori; Sakai, Yoshiyuki; Kishino, Kyohei; Ikeda, Naoto; Takashima, Tomoyuki; Aizawa, Nobuhiro; Takata, Ryo; Hasegawa, Kunihiro; Ishii, Noriko; Yuri, Yukihisa; Nishimura, Takashi; Iijima, Hiroko; Nishiguchi, Shuhei. 2019. "Effect of Sarcopenia on Sleep Disturbance in Patients with Chronic Liver Diseases." J. Clin. Med. 8, no. 1: 16.
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