Next Article in Journal
The Role of Procalcitonin in the Diagnosis of Meningitis: A Literature Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Experimental Investigation of the Time Course Effects of Acute Exercise on False Episodic Memory
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Experimental Effects of Acute Exercise on Iconic Memory, Short-Term Episodic, and Long-Term Episodic Memory
Open AccessArticle

Randomized Controlled Trial Considering Varied Exercises for Reducing Proactive Memory Interference

1
Physical Activity Epidemiology Laboratory, Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, MS 38677, USA
2
Jackson Heart Study Vanguard Center at Oxford, Physical Activity Epidemiology Laboratory, Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, MS 38677, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(6), 147; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7060147
Received: 17 May 2018 / Revised: 4 June 2018 / Accepted: 8 June 2018 / Published: 11 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Effects of Exercise on Cognitive Function)
We evaluated the effects of exercise on proactive memory interference. Study 1 (n = 88) employed a 15-min treadmill walking protocol, while Study 2 (n = 88) included a 15-min bout of progressive maximal exertion treadmill exercise. Each study included four distinct groups, in which groups of 22 participants each were randomly assigned to: (a) exercise before memory encoding, (b) a control group with no exercise, (c) exercise during memory encoding, and (d) exercise after memory encoding (i.e., during memory consolidation). We used the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) to assess proactive memory interference. In both studies, the group that exercised prior to memory encoding recalled the most words from list B (distractor list) of the RAVLT, though group differences were not statistically significant for Study 1 (walking exercise) (p = 0.521) or Study 2 (high-intensity exercise) (p = 0.068). In this sample of young adults, high intensity exercise prior to memory encoding showed a non-significant tendency to attenuate impairments in recall attributable to proactive memory interference. Thus, future work with larger samples is needed to clarify potential beneficial effects of exercise for reducing proactive memory interference. View Full-Text
Keywords: learning; memory consolidation; memory retrieval; physical activity; verbal recall learning; memory consolidation; memory retrieval; physical activity; verbal recall
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Frith, E.; Sng, E.; Loprinzi, P.D. Randomized Controlled Trial Considering Varied Exercises for Reducing Proactive Memory Interference. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 147.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop