Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Colorectal-Vaginal Fistulas: Imaging and Novel Interventional Treatment Modalities
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Developing Interventional Radiology Anticoagulation Guidelines: Process and Benefits
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(4), 86; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7040086

Quadrilateral Space Syndrome: Diagnosis and Clinical Management

1
Department of General Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ 85054, USA
2
Department of Vascular Interventional Surgery, Minimally Invasive Therapeutics Laboratory, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ 85054, USA
3
Mayo Clinic School of Medicine, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 April 2018 / Revised: 18 April 2018 / Accepted: 18 April 2018 / Published: 21 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Image Guided Interventions and Emerging Technologies)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1273 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS) is a rare disorder characterized by axillary nerve and posterior humeral circumflex artery (PHCA) compression within the quadrilateral space. Impingement is most frequently due to trauma, fibrous bands, or hypertrophy of one of the muscular borders. Diagnosis can be complicated by the presence of concurrent traumatic injuries, particularly in athletes. Since many other conditions can mimic QSS, it is often a diagnosis of exclusion. Conservative treatment is often first trialed, including physical exercise modification, physical therapy, and therapeutic massage. In patients unrelieved by conservative measures, surgical decompression of the quadrilateral space may be indicated. View Full-Text
Keywords: quadrilateral space syndrome; axillary nerve; posterior humeral circumflex artery; magnetic resonance imaging; digital subtraction angiography quadrilateral space syndrome; axillary nerve; posterior humeral circumflex artery; magnetic resonance imaging; digital subtraction angiography
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hangge, P.T.; Breen, I.; Albadawi, H.; Knuttinen, M.G.; Naidu, S.G.; Oklu, R. Quadrilateral Space Syndrome: Diagnosis and Clinical Management. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 86.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Clin. Med. EISSN 2077-0383 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top