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J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(2), 25;

Mental Health Effects of Stress over the Life Span of Refugees

The Tibor Rubin VA Medical Center, 5901 East 7th Street, Bldg. 128, Suite 102A, Long Beach, CA 90822, USA
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, The University of California at Irvine School of Medicine, 101 The City Drive, Orange, CA 92868, USA
Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, 2400 Tucker Avenue, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
Sleep and Human Health Institute, 6739 Academy Road, #380, Albuquerque, NM 87109, USA
Department of Psychiatry and the Minneapolis Veterans Administration Medical Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2017 / Revised: 19 January 2018 / Accepted: 22 January 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Pathergasiology & Psychology)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1087 KB, uploaded 6 February 2018]   |  


Information about the relative impact of stressful events across the lifespan on the mental health of refugees is needed. Cross-sectional data from a community sample of 135 Kurdish and 117 Vietnamese refugees were fit to a path model about the effects of non-war stress, war-related stress, and post-migration stress on mental health. Kurdish and Vietnamese data were generally consistent with the model. However, war-related stress produced no direct but a large indirect effect through post-migration stress on mental health in Kurds. Vietnamese data indicated a modest direct war-related stress effect but no indirect influence through post-migration stress. Different types of stressful events lead to adverse mental health of displaced refugees in a somewhat group-dependent manner. Implications for prevention and treatment are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: refugee; trauma; stress; measurement; path models; mental health; post-migration stress refugee; trauma; stress; measurement; path models; mental health; post-migration stress

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Hollifield, M.; Warner, T.D.; Krakow, B.; Westermeyer, J. Mental Health Effects of Stress over the Life Span of Refugees. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 25.

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