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J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(2), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7020025

Mental Health Effects of Stress over the Life Span of Refugees

1
The Tibor Rubin VA Medical Center, 5901 East 7th Street, Bldg. 128, Suite 102A, Long Beach, CA 90822, USA
2
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, The University of California at Irvine School of Medicine, 101 The City Drive, Orange, CA 92868, USA
3
Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, 2400 Tucker Avenue, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA
4
Sleep and Human Health Institute, 6739 Academy Road, #380, Albuquerque, NM 87109, USA
5
Department of Psychiatry and the Minneapolis Veterans Administration Medical Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2017 / Revised: 19 January 2018 / Accepted: 22 January 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Pathergasiology & Psychology)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1087 KB, uploaded 6 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

Information about the relative impact of stressful events across the lifespan on the mental health of refugees is needed. Cross-sectional data from a community sample of 135 Kurdish and 117 Vietnamese refugees were fit to a path model about the effects of non-war stress, war-related stress, and post-migration stress on mental health. Kurdish and Vietnamese data were generally consistent with the model. However, war-related stress produced no direct but a large indirect effect through post-migration stress on mental health in Kurds. Vietnamese data indicated a modest direct war-related stress effect but no indirect influence through post-migration stress. Different types of stressful events lead to adverse mental health of displaced refugees in a somewhat group-dependent manner. Implications for prevention and treatment are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: refugee; trauma; stress; measurement; path models; mental health; post-migration stress refugee; trauma; stress; measurement; path models; mental health; post-migration stress
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Hollifield, M.; Warner, T.D.; Krakow, B.; Westermeyer, J. Mental Health Effects of Stress over the Life Span of Refugees. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 25.

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