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Open AccessArticle

Personality and the Moderating Effect of Mood on a Verbal Aggressiveness Risk Factor from Work Activities

1
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
2
Department of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Región Metropolitana, Providencia 7500000, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(12), 525; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7120525
Received: 20 November 2018 / Revised: 28 November 2018 / Accepted: 5 December 2018 / Published: 7 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
One of the trends in the current research in psychology is to explore how personal variables can determine a person’s communication style. Our objective was to find out the moderating effect of mood in the relationship between the five big personality traits and an aggressive verbal communication style risk factor from work activities in a sample of nursing professionals. This study is a quantitative descriptive design. The final sample was 596 nurses with an age range of 22 to 56 years. An ad hoc questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic data, and the 10-item Big Five Inventory, the Communication Styles Inventory, and the Brief Emotional Intelligence Inventory for Senior Citizens were used. This study shows that, for nursing professionals, the agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism traits have a close relationship with aggressive verbal communication. Even though mood moderates this relationship, it is only significant for those individuals with high scores in neuroticism. Since personality dimensions are considered to be relatively stable over time and consistent from one situation to another, organizations should offer workshops and other types of practical activities to train workers in communication skills and emotional intelligence, in order to promote the health of employees and patients, and avoid risk factors from work activities in nursing. View Full-Text
Keywords: personality; emotional aspects; communication; work activity personality; emotional aspects; communication; work activity
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Molero Jurado, M.M.; Pérez-Fuentes, M.C.; Barragán Martín, A.B.; Simón Márquez, M.M.; Martos Martínez, Á.; Gázquez Linares, J.J. Personality and the Moderating Effect of Mood on a Verbal Aggressiveness Risk Factor from Work Activities. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 525.

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