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Article

Regular School Sport versus Dedicated Physical Activities for Body Posture—A Prospective Controlled Study Assessing the Sagittal Plane in 7–10-Year-Old Children

1
Department of Spine Disorders and Pediatric Orthopedics, University of Medical Sciences, 61-545 Poznan, Poland
2
Spine Disorders Center, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland
3
Department of Physiotherapy, University of Medical Sciences, 61-545 Poznan, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yasuhito Tanaka
J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11(5), 1255; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11051255
Received: 17 September 2021 / Revised: 19 February 2022 / Accepted: 22 February 2022 / Published: 25 February 2022
Body posture develops during the growing period and can be documented using trunk photography. The study aims to evaluate the body posture in children aged 7–10 years undergoing a dedicated physical activities program versus regular school sport. A total of 400 children, randomly chosen from a cohort of 9300 participating in a local scoliosis screening program, were evaluated twice at a one-year interval. A total of 167 children were involved in regular school sport (control group), while 233 received both school sport and a dedicated physical activities program (intervention group). Standardized photographic habitual body posture examination was performed at enrollment (T0) and one-year after (T1). Sacral slope (SS), lumbar lordosis (LL), thoracic kyphosis (TK), chest inclination (CI), and head protraction (HP) were measured. At T0, the body posture parameters did not differ between groups. At T1 in the controls, all five parameters tended to deteriorate (insignificant): SS p = 0.758, LL p = 0.38, TK p = 0.328, CI p = 0.081, and HP p = 0.106. At T1 in the intervention group, the SS decreased (p = 0.001), the LL tended to decrease (p = 0.0602), and the TK, CI, and HP remained unaltered. At T1, the SS and LL parameter differed between groups statistically (p = 0.0002 and p = 0.0064, respectively) and clinically (2.52° and 2.58°, respectively). In 7–10-year-old children, participation in dedicated physical activities tends to improve their body posture compared to regular school sport. View Full-Text
Keywords: body posture; sports activity; corrective exercises; digital photography body posture; sports activity; corrective exercises; digital photography
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kozinoga, M.; Stoliński, Ł.; Korbel, K.; Politarczyk, K.; Janusz, P.; Kotwicki, T. Regular School Sport versus Dedicated Physical Activities for Body Posture—A Prospective Controlled Study Assessing the Sagittal Plane in 7–10-Year-Old Children. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 1255. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11051255

AMA Style

Kozinoga M, Stoliński Ł, Korbel K, Politarczyk K, Janusz P, Kotwicki T. Regular School Sport versus Dedicated Physical Activities for Body Posture—A Prospective Controlled Study Assessing the Sagittal Plane in 7–10-Year-Old Children. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2022; 11(5):1255. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11051255

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kozinoga, Mateusz, Łukasz Stoliński, Krzysztof Korbel, Katarzyna Politarczyk, Piotr Janusz, and Tomasz Kotwicki. 2022. "Regular School Sport versus Dedicated Physical Activities for Body Posture—A Prospective Controlled Study Assessing the Sagittal Plane in 7–10-Year-Old Children" Journal of Clinical Medicine 11, no. 5: 1255. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11051255

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