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Article

Hyaluronic Acid/Collagenase Ointment in the Treatment of Chronic Hard-to-Heal Wounds: An Observational and Retrospective Study

1
Department of Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery, AOU Ospedali Riuniti, Via Conca 71, 60126 Ancona, Italy
2
Data Analysis Office, University of Milan, Via Colombo 46, 20133 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: José Verdú-Soriano
J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11(3), 537; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11030537
Received: 17 December 2021 / Revised: 12 January 2022 / Accepted: 18 January 2022 / Published: 21 January 2022
Background: Wound bed preparation is an important concept in clinical practice and is related to adequate debridement. The use of proteolytic enzymes is an established method of enzymatic wound debridement, especially in hard-to-heal ulcers that are unresponsive to normal healing procedures and progress. The TIME framework (tissue, inflammation/infection, moisture balance, and edge of wound) offers an appropriate strategy to eliminate resistance to healing, as well as maximizing the healing process. Maintenance debridement, as opposed to sporadic debridement, may be proposed in preserving an adequate wound bed towards complete recovery. Collagenase has been effective in debridement due to its ability to degrade collagen and elastin. In this clinical context, collagenase taken from Vibrio alginolitycus is the most favorably expressed enzymatic debriding agent. Methods: This retrospective observational study evaluates the efficacy of an ointment based on hyaluronic acid and collagenase (Bionect Start®), considering a reduced healing time and greater healing quality. We included 70 patients with chronic wounds of different etiologies, including diabetes mellitus (20), post-traumatic ulcers (35), chronic burns of degrees I and II (10), and pressure ulcers (5). We analyzed wound characteristics using the wound bed score (WBS) concept, healing time, as well as operator and patient satisfaction. Results: Frequency of debridement efficacy in terms of wound bed cleansing varied from 26% after 2 weeks to 93% after 4 weeks. We observed complete healing in 62 patients within an eight-week period. The overall operator and patient satisfaction after 8 weeks were 100% and 90%, respectively. Moreover, all patients reported less pain. Conclusions: A combined action of hyaluronic acid and collagenase ointment demonstrated a reduction in healing time while improving healing quality, with a decrease in pain. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic wounds; hyaluronic acid; collagenase; Vibrio alginolitycus; Bionect Start; Hyalo4 Start chronic wounds; hyaluronic acid; collagenase; Vibrio alginolitycus; Bionect Start; Hyalo4 Start
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MDPI and ACS Style

De Francesco, F.; De Francesco, M.; Riccio, M. Hyaluronic Acid/Collagenase Ointment in the Treatment of Chronic Hard-to-Heal Wounds: An Observational and Retrospective Study. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 537. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11030537

AMA Style

De Francesco F, De Francesco M, Riccio M. Hyaluronic Acid/Collagenase Ointment in the Treatment of Chronic Hard-to-Heal Wounds: An Observational and Retrospective Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2022; 11(3):537. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11030537

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Francesco, Francesco, Marialuisa De Francesco, and Michele Riccio. 2022. "Hyaluronic Acid/Collagenase Ointment in the Treatment of Chronic Hard-to-Heal Wounds: An Observational and Retrospective Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 11, no. 3: 537. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11030537

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