Next Article in Journal
Fibrinogen to Albumin Ratio as Early Serum Biomarker for Prediction of Intra-Hospital Mortality in Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit Patients with Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Previous Article in Journal
Optimal Arterial Blood Gas Tensions for the Prognosis of Favorable Neurological Outcomes in Survivors after Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
 
 
Article

The Quality of Life in Citizens with Oropharyngeal Dysphagia—A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Municipality of Hjørring, Bistrupvej 3, 9800 Hjoerring, Denmark
2
Center of Rehabilitation, Municipality of Tønder, Carstensgade 6-10, 6270 Toender, Denmark
3
Center for Clinical Research, North Denmark Regional Hospital, Bispensgade 37, 9800 Hjoerring, Denmark
4
Department of Neuro-Gastroenterological Research, North Denmark Regional Hospital, Bispensgade 37, 9800 Hjoerring, Denmark
5
Department of Acute Medicine and Trauma Care, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark
6
Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jacopo Galli
J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11(14), 4212; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11144212
Received: 27 June 2022 / Revised: 11 July 2022 / Accepted: 18 July 2022 / Published: 20 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Otolaryngology)
Dysphagia is a risk factor that impaires an individual’s experience of mealtimes. Few studies contribute to the knowledge on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of citizens with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) living independently. The aim of this study involves evaluating the HRQoL in citizens living independently and suffering from OD. This cross-sectional study was performed in seven municipalities in Denmark between March 2019 and December 2020. The 90 citizens included (54% female, mean age 76.6 years (SD 0.8)) were ≥18 years, as well as diagnosed with OD using the volume-viscosity swallow test and Minimal Eating Observation Form version II. The Dysphagia Handicap Index-DK, Barthel 20, and European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions were fulfilled. Of the participating citizens, 66% of them needed additional time to eat, 64% coughed while eating, and 58% coughed while drinking. Additionally, 60% reported having a dry mouth, 62% needed to drink to succeed with swallowing foods, and 57% had to swallow multiple times. About one-third felt embarrassed when eating with others. They could not enjoy eating in the same manner as they had previously, and/or felt handicapped or limited. OD was shown to have had a high impact on the QoL in citizens with OD living independently. Focus is needed on xerostomia, as well as on the psychological aspects pertainings to mealtimes for citizens with OD. View Full-Text
Keywords: swallowing difficulties; eating difficulties; swallowing disorder; quality of life; dysphagia; oropharyngeal dysphagia swallowing difficulties; eating difficulties; swallowing disorder; quality of life; dysphagia; oropharyngeal dysphagia
MDPI and ACS Style

Bendsen, B.B.; Jensen, D.; Westmark, S.; Krarup, A.L.; Riis, J.; Melgaard, D. The Quality of Life in Citizens with Oropharyngeal Dysphagia—A Cross-Sectional Study. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 4212. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11144212

AMA Style

Bendsen BB, Jensen D, Westmark S, Krarup AL, Riis J, Melgaard D. The Quality of Life in Citizens with Oropharyngeal Dysphagia—A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2022; 11(14):4212. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11144212

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bendsen, Bettina Burgdorff, Diana Jensen, Signe Westmark, Anne Lund Krarup, Johannes Riis, and Dorte Melgaard. 2022. "The Quality of Life in Citizens with Oropharyngeal Dysphagia—A Cross-Sectional Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 11, no. 14: 4212. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11144212

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop