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Article

Latent Profiles of Premorbid Adjustment in Schizophrenia and Their Correlation with Measures of Recovery

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Instituto de Alta Investigación, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica 1000000, Chile
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Programa Doctorado en Psicología, Escuela de Psicología y Filosofía, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica 1000000, Chile
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Escuela de Psicología y Filosofía, Universidad de Tarapacá, Arica 1000000, Chile
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Escuela de Psicología, Universidad Católica del Norte, Antofagasta 1270709, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jerzy Samochowiec
J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11(13), 3840; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11133840
Received: 2 May 2022 / Revised: 22 June 2022 / Accepted: 28 June 2022 / Published: 2 July 2022
Premorbid adjustment (PA) has classically been defined as psychosocial functioning in the areas of education, occupation, social and interpersonal relationships prior to evidence of characteristic positive symptomatology. It is a concept which possesses ample evidence regarding its predictive nature for the course of Schizophrenia. The study aimed to analyze the latent profiles of premorbid adjustment and their relationship with symptomatology, functionality, subjective recovery, stigma resistance and years of untreated psychosis. Latent class analysis (LCA) was used to elaborate a solution of three premorbid adjustment profiles in a sample of 217 patients diagnosed with Schizophrenia from Public Mental Health Centers in the city of Arica, Chile. The results show that premorbid adjustment was significantly correlated with recovery indicators and that latent profiles of better premorbid adjustment predict better outcomes in subjective recovery and stigma resistance. The results show that premorbid adjustment not only has implications for the severity of the disorder, but that psychosocial functioning prior to psychosis affects the patient’s subjectivity, the representation of the disorder and the recovery process. View Full-Text
Keywords: premorbid adjustment; schizophrenia; recovery premorbid adjustment; schizophrenia; recovery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Caqueo-Urízar, A.; Ponce-Correa, F.; Semir-González, C.; Urzúa, A. Latent Profiles of Premorbid Adjustment in Schizophrenia and Their Correlation with Measures of Recovery. J. Clin. Med. 2022, 11, 3840. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11133840

AMA Style

Caqueo-Urízar A, Ponce-Correa F, Semir-González C, Urzúa A. Latent Profiles of Premorbid Adjustment in Schizophrenia and Their Correlation with Measures of Recovery. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2022; 11(13):3840. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11133840

Chicago/Turabian Style

Caqueo-Urízar, Alejandra, Felipe Ponce-Correa, Carla Semir-González, and Alfonso Urzúa. 2022. "Latent Profiles of Premorbid Adjustment in Schizophrenia and Their Correlation with Measures of Recovery" Journal of Clinical Medicine 11, no. 13: 3840. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm11133840

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