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Article

Eating Speed and Incidence of Diabetes in a Japanese General Population: ISSA-CKD

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Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes Mellitus, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
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Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
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Division of Nephrology and Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
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Department of General Medicine, Fukuoka University Hospital, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
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Department of Internal Medicine, Nagasaki Prefecture Iki Hospital, Nagasaki 811-5132, Japan
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Department of Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manuel Aguilar-Diosdado
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(9), 1949; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091949
Received: 18 March 2021 / Revised: 27 April 2021 / Accepted: 30 April 2021 / Published: 1 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Prevention, Treatment, and Complications of Diabetes Mellitus)
Background: We investigated whether eating speed was associated with the incidence of diabetes in a Japanese general population. Methods: A total of 4853 Japanese individuals without diabetes at baseline were analyzed. Self-reported eating speed was categorized as slow, medium, and fast on the basis of questionnaire responses. The study outcome was the incidence of diabetes. Results: After an average follow-up period of 5.1 years, 234 individuals developed diabetes. The incidence of diabetes per 1000 person-years was 4.9 in the slow eating speed group, 8.8 in the medium eating speed group, and 12.5 in the fast eating speed group, respectively (*** p < 0.001 for trend). The HRs were 1.69 (95%CI 0.94–3.06) for the medium eating speed and 2.08 (95%CI 1.13–3.84) for the fast eating speed, compared to the slow eating speed (* p = 0.014 for trend) after adjustment for age, gender, smoking status, drinking, exercise, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Conclusion: Faster eating speed increased a risk for the incidence of diabetes in a general Japanese population. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes; eating speed; primary prevention; lifestyle diabetes; eating speed; primary prevention; lifestyle
MDPI and ACS Style

Fujii, H.; Funakoshi, S.; Maeda, T.; Satoh, A.; Kawazoe, M.; Ishida, S.; Yoshimura, C.; Yokota, S.; Tada, K.; Takahashi, K.; Ito, K.; Yasuno, T.; Okutsu, S.; Mukoubara, S.; Nakashima, H.; Nabeshima, S.; Kondo, S.; Fujita, M.; Masutani, K.; Arima, H.; Kawanami, D. Eating Speed and Incidence of Diabetes in a Japanese General Population: ISSA-CKD. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 1949. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091949

AMA Style

Fujii H, Funakoshi S, Maeda T, Satoh A, Kawazoe M, Ishida S, Yoshimura C, Yokota S, Tada K, Takahashi K, Ito K, Yasuno T, Okutsu S, Mukoubara S, Nakashima H, Nabeshima S, Kondo S, Fujita M, Masutani K, Arima H, Kawanami D. Eating Speed and Incidence of Diabetes in a Japanese General Population: ISSA-CKD. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(9):1949. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091949

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fujii, Hideyuki, Shunsuke Funakoshi, Toshiki Maeda, Atsushi Satoh, Miki Kawazoe, Shintaro Ishida, Chikara Yoshimura, Soichiro Yokota, Kazuhiro Tada, Koji Takahashi, Kenji Ito, Tetsuhiko Yasuno, Shota Okutsu, Shigeaki Mukoubara, Hitoshi Nakashima, Shigeki Nabeshima, Seiji Kondo, Masaki Fujita, Kosuke Masutani, Hisatomi Arima, and Daiji Kawanami. 2021. "Eating Speed and Incidence of Diabetes in a Japanese General Population: ISSA-CKD" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 9: 1949. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10091949

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