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Article

Effects of Acupuncture on Lowering Blood Pressure in Postmenopausal Women with Prehypertension or Stage 1 Hypertension: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis

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Clinical Medicine Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon 34054, Korea
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Future Medicine Division, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon 34054, Korea
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Bestian Clinical Trial Center, Bestianwoosong Hospital, Daejeon 34617, Korea
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Department of Internal Medicine, Daejeon Korean Medicine Hospital of Daejeon University, Daejeon 35235, Korea
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Division of Pulmonary Sleep and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan 15355, Korea
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Department of Research, Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine, 1672 Yuseongdaero, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 34054, Korea
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Korean Convergence Medicine, University of Science & Technology, Daejeon 34113, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nandu Goswami
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(7), 1426; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10071426
Received: 19 February 2021 / Revised: 18 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 March 2021 / Published: 1 April 2021
Postmenopausal women have a higher prevalence of hypertension compared to premenopausal women. Hypertension is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, the prevalence of which is ever increasing. This study investigated the effects of long-term acupuncture on lowering the blood pressure of postmenopausal women with prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension. Participants were 122 postmenopausal women aged less than 65 years, diagnosed with prehypertension or stage 1 hypertension (systolic blood pressure 120–159 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure 80–99 mmHg). We used a propensity score-matched design. The experimental group (n = 61) received acupuncture for four weeks every six months over a period of two years. The control group (n = 61) received no intervention. An Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was performed for the primary efficacy analysis. Relative risk ratios were used to compare group differences in treatment effects. Acupuncture significantly reduced the participants’ diastolic blood pressure (−9.92 mmHg; p < 0.001) and systolic blood pressure (−10.34 mmHg; p < 0.001) from baseline to follow-up. The results indicate that acupuncture alleviates hypertension in postmenopausal women, reducing their risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and improving their health and quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: acupuncture; cardiovascular disease; hypertension; postmenopausal; prehypertension; propensity score-matching acupuncture; cardiovascular disease; hypertension; postmenopausal; prehypertension; propensity score-matching
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MDPI and ACS Style

Seo, B.-N.; Kwon, O.; Lee, S.; Kim, H.-S.; Kang, K.-W.; Seol, I.C.; Shin, C.; Choi, S.-M. Effects of Acupuncture on Lowering Blood Pressure in Postmenopausal Women with Prehypertension or Stage 1 Hypertension: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 1426. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10071426

AMA Style

Seo B-N, Kwon O, Lee S, Kim H-S, Kang K-W, Seol IC, Shin C, Choi S-M. Effects of Acupuncture on Lowering Blood Pressure in Postmenopausal Women with Prehypertension or Stage 1 Hypertension: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(7):1426. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10071426

Chicago/Turabian Style

Seo, Bok-Nam, Ojin Kwon, Siwoo Lee, Ho-Seok Kim, Kyung-Won Kang, In C. Seol, Chol Shin, and Sun-Mi Choi. 2021. "Effects of Acupuncture on Lowering Blood Pressure in Postmenopausal Women with Prehypertension or Stage 1 Hypertension: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 7: 1426. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10071426

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