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Article

Questionnaire Survey on Driving among Patients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Japan

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka 5650871, Japan
2
Department of Ophthalmology, Sakai City Medical Centre, Osaka 5938304, Japan
3
Department of Ophthalmology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya 6638501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Solmaz Abdolrahimzadeh
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(21), 4845; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10214845
Received: 17 September 2021 / Revised: 16 October 2021 / Accepted: 18 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clinical Research Advances in Age-Related Macular Degeneration)
Purpose: This study aimed to assess driving capabilities in patients with exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) causing unilateral blindness or paracentral scotoma without vision deterioration. Methods: Of the 275 patients with AMD who responded to a questionnaire regarding car driving at Osaka University Hospital, we excluded 78 patients who answered that they had never driven. Finally, 197 patients were included (50 with bilateral and 142 with unilateral AMD). We investigated the relationship between the questionnaire findings and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Results: The mean age was 74.8 ± 6.9 years, and the mean BCVA in the right and left eyes were 0.48 and 0.47, respectively. A negative correlation was observed between the proportion of patients who stopped driving due to AMD and the vision in the worse eye (p < 0.0001); however, 66% of participants were still driving. Regardless of the BCVA, 84% of them wished to continue driving. Concerning perceived dangerous situations, all patients reported an oversight of people or signals and night driving; further, patients with unilateral and bilateral vision deterioration reported vision narrowness and difficulty with discerning signal colours, respectively. Conclusion: Despite the associated danger, patients with AMD continued driving. Close attention should be paid to the driving activities among patients with AMD, even if they have passed the relevant driving tests. View Full-Text
Keywords: age-related macular degeneration; driving; questionnaire; signal colour; elderly persons age-related macular degeneration; driving; questionnaire; signal colour; elderly persons
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hara, C.; Sawa, M.; Gomi, F.; Nishida, K. Questionnaire Survey on Driving among Patients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Japan. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 4845. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10214845

AMA Style

Hara C, Sawa M, Gomi F, Nishida K. Questionnaire Survey on Driving among Patients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Japan. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(21):4845. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10214845

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hara, Chikako, Miki Sawa, Fumi Gomi, and Kohji Nishida. 2021. "Questionnaire Survey on Driving among Patients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Japan" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 21: 4845. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10214845

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