Next Article in Journal
Cascade Screening and Treatment Initiation in Young Adults with Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Previous Article in Journal
Central and Branch Retinal Artery Occlusion—Do They Harbor the Same Risk of Further Ischemic Events?
Article

Trends in Antibiotic Self-Medication for Dental Pathologies among Patients in the Dominican Republic: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Faculty of Dentistry, Universidad Alfonso X El Sabio, 28691 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Medicine and Medical Specialties, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alcalá, 28801 Madrid, Spain
3
Department of Dentistry, Universidad Federico Henriquez y Carvajal, Santo Domingo 10106, Dominican Republic
4
Department of Clinical Dentistry, School of Biomedical Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28005 Madrid, Spain
5
Department of Preclinical Dentistry, School of Biomedical Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gianrico Spagnuolo
J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10(14), 3092; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10143092
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 5 July 2021 / Accepted: 11 July 2021 / Published: 13 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Stomatology)
The World Health Organisation has warned of the increase in antibiotic resistance, estimating that by 2050 it could become the leading cause of death worldwide. Several studies and literature reviews show a correlation between antibiotic use and bacterial resistance, with unnecessary broad-spectrum antibiotics, such as amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and azithromycin, being one of the main causative factors. An interview-based survey of 2160 participants was conducted to assess the prevalence in the practice of self-medication with antibiotics among dental patients in the Dominican Republic. A series of open-ended questions regarding self-medication and class of antibiotics were put to the patients. Over a third of the study population (39.7%) admitted to the practice of antibiotic self-medication. Most of the respondents (58.4%) who indulged in self-medication were females, and it was prevalent in the older adults between 32–42 years old (36%). There was a negative correlation between age and self-medication practice (p < 0.001) observed with point biserial correlation test. Binary logistic regression analysis found an odds ratio of 0.97 (p < 0.001). The most consumed antibiotics were amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (52%), amoxicillin (31.1%), and azithromycin (10.1%). It is imperative to educate patients about the harmful effects of self-medication and to stress the need for governments to implement stricter laws on non-prescription drug availability. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibiotics; bacterial resistance; self-medication; dental pathology; Dominican Republic antibiotics; bacterial resistance; self-medication; dental pathology; Dominican Republic
MDPI and ACS Style

Aragoneses, J.M.; Aragoneses, J.; Rodríguez, C.; Algar, J.; Suárez, A. Trends in Antibiotic Self-Medication for Dental Pathologies among Patients in the Dominican Republic: A Cross-Sectional Study. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 3092. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10143092

AMA Style

Aragoneses JM, Aragoneses J, Rodríguez C, Algar J, Suárez A. Trends in Antibiotic Self-Medication for Dental Pathologies among Patients in the Dominican Republic: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2021; 10(14):3092. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10143092

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aragoneses, Juan M., Javier Aragoneses, Cinthia Rodríguez, Juan Algar, and Ana Suárez. 2021. "Trends in Antibiotic Self-Medication for Dental Pathologies among Patients in the Dominican Republic: A Cross-Sectional Study" Journal of Clinical Medicine 10, no. 14: 3092. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10143092

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop