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Membranes 2018, 8(4), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes8040108

The Application of Lipid Membranes in Biosensing

1
Laboratory of Inorganic & Analytical Chemistry, School of Chemical Engineering, Dept 1, Chemical Sciences, National Technical University of Athens, 9 Iroon Polytechniou St., 15780 Athens, Greece
2
Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis-Kouponia, 15771 Athens, Greece
3
Laboratory of Simulation of Industrial Processes, Department of Industrial Management and Technology, School of Maritime and Industry, University of Piraeus, 18534 Pireus, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2018 / Revised: 1 November 2018 / Accepted: 12 November 2018 / Published: 14 November 2018
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Abstract

The exploitation of lipid membranes in biosensors has provided the ability to reconstitute a considerable part of their functionality to detect trace of food toxicants and environmental pollutants. This paper reviews recent progress in biosensor technologies based on lipid membranes suitable for food quality monitoring and environmental applications. Numerous biosensing applications based on lipid membrane biosensors are presented, putting emphasis on novel systems, new sensing techniques, and nanotechnology-based transduction schemes. The range of analytes that can be currently using these lipid film devices that can be detected include, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, metals, toxins, antibiotics, microorganisms, hormones, dioxins, etc. Technology limitations and future prospects are discussed, focused on the evaluation/validation and eventually commercialization of the proposed lipid membrane-based biosensors. View Full-Text
Keywords: biosensors; lipid membrane-based devices; food analysis; environmental monitoring; nanotechnology biosensors; lipid membrane-based devices; food analysis; environmental monitoring; nanotechnology
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Nikoleli, G.-P.; Nikolelis, D.P.; Siontorou, C.G.; Nikolelis, M.-T.; Karapetis, S. The Application of Lipid Membranes in Biosensing. Membranes 2018, 8, 108.

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