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Article

Optimization of Fuel Cell Performance Using Computational Fluid Dynamics

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Mechanical Engineering and Design, School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
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Institute of Engineering and Energy Technologies, University of the West of Scotland, Glasgow G72 0LH, UK
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Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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Center for Advanced Materials Research, University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 27272, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
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Chemical Engineering Department, Minia University, Minya 61111, Egypt
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Chemical Engineering Department, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3122, USA
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, South Valley University, Qena 83521, Egypt
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Lufrano
Membranes 2021, 11(2), 146; https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes11020146
Received: 13 January 2021 / Revised: 12 February 2021 / Accepted: 14 February 2021 / Published: 20 February 2021
A low cost bipolar plate materials with a high fuel cell performance is important for the establishment of Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM ) fuel cells into the competitive world market. In this research, the effect of different bipolar plates material such as Aluminum (Al), Copper (Cu), and Stainless Steel (SS) of a single stack of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells was investigated both numerically and experimentally. Firstly, a three dimensional (3D) PEM fuel cell model was developed, and simulations were conducted using commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) ANSYS FLUENT to examine the effect of each bipolar plate materials on cell performance. Along with cell performance, significant parameters distributions like temperature, pressure, a mass fraction of hydrogen, oxygen, and water is presented. Then, an experimental study of a single cell of Al, Cu, and SS bipolar plate material was used in the verification of the numerical investigation. Finally, polarization curves of numerical and experimental results was compared for validation, and the result shows that Al serpentine bipolar plate material performed better than Cu and SS materials. The outcome of the investigation was in tandem to the fact that due to adsorption on metal surfaces, hydrogen molecules is more stable on Al surface than Cu and SS surfaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: PEM fuel cell; serpentine bipolar plate; polarization curve; stainless steel; copper PEM fuel cell; serpentine bipolar plate; polarization curve; stainless steel; copper
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wilberforce, T.; Ijaodola, O.; Emmanuel, O.; Thompson, J.; Olabi, A.G.; Abdelkareem, M.A.; Sayed, E.T.; Elsaid, K.; Maghrabie, H.M. Optimization of Fuel Cell Performance Using Computational Fluid Dynamics. Membranes 2021, 11, 146. https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes11020146

AMA Style

Wilberforce T, Ijaodola O, Emmanuel O, Thompson J, Olabi AG, Abdelkareem MA, Sayed ET, Elsaid K, Maghrabie HM. Optimization of Fuel Cell Performance Using Computational Fluid Dynamics. Membranes. 2021; 11(2):146. https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes11020146

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wilberforce, Tabbi, Oluwatosin Ijaodola, Ogungbemi Emmanuel, James Thompson, Abdul G. Olabi, Mohammad A. Abdelkareem, Enas T. Sayed, Khaled Elsaid, and Hussein M. Maghrabie. 2021. "Optimization of Fuel Cell Performance Using Computational Fluid Dynamics" Membranes 11, no. 2: 146. https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes11020146

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