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Article

Denial of Justification for Vaccination: Its Multiple Related Variables and Impacts on Intention to Get Vaccinated against COVID-19

by 1,2,†, 3,4,†, 5 and 1,2,*
1
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
2
Department of Psychiatry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan
3
School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan
4
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical Center, Kaohsiung 83301, Taiwan
5
School of Nursing, The State University of New York, University at Buffalo, New York, NY 14214-3079, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Yen-Ju Lin and Wen-Jiun Chou contributed equally to this work as the first authors.
Academic Editors: Efrat Neter and Karen Morgan
Vaccines 2021, 9(8), 822; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080822
Received: 7 July 2021 / Revised: 21 July 2021 / Accepted: 22 July 2021 / Published: 25 July 2021
The aims of the present study were (1) to identify the variables related to denying the justification for vaccination during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Taiwan and (2) to examine the associations of such denial with perceived risk of COVID-19 and the extrinsic and intrinsic intentions to get vaccinated against COVID-19. We recruited 1047 participants by using a Facebook advertisement. We investigated whether the participants denied justification for vaccination as well as their sociodemographic characteristics, mental health status, sources of information about COVID-19 vaccination, perceived risk of COVID-19, and extrinsic and intrinsic intentions to get vaccinated against COVID-19. The results indicated that 20.0% of the participants denied justification for vaccination. Participants who were older, had an educational level below college, were not health care workers, were in poor general mental health state, or did not obtain information about COVID-19 vaccination from the Internet were more likely to deny justification for vaccination. Denial was negatively associated with both extrinsic and intrinsic intentions to get vaccinated against COVID-19 but not associated with the perceived risk of COVID-19. Multiple variables related to denying the justification for vaccination; the denial was negatively associated with the intention to get vaccinated against COVID-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; intention; perceived risk; vaccination; vaccine refusal COVID-19; intention; perceived risk; vaccination; vaccine refusal
MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, Y.-J.; Chou, W.-J.; Chang, Y.-P.; Yen, C.-F. Denial of Justification for Vaccination: Its Multiple Related Variables and Impacts on Intention to Get Vaccinated against COVID-19. Vaccines 2021, 9, 822. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080822

AMA Style

Lin Y-J, Chou W-J, Chang Y-P, Yen C-F. Denial of Justification for Vaccination: Its Multiple Related Variables and Impacts on Intention to Get Vaccinated against COVID-19. Vaccines. 2021; 9(8):822. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080822

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Yen-Ju, Wen-Jiun Chou, Yu-Ping Chang, and Cheng-Fang Yen. 2021. "Denial of Justification for Vaccination: Its Multiple Related Variables and Impacts on Intention to Get Vaccinated against COVID-19" Vaccines 9, no. 8: 822. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080822

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