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Article

Who Is Willing to Get Vaccinated? A Study into the Psychological, Socio-Demographic, and Cultural Determinants of COVID-19 Vaccination Intentions

1
IRCCS Centro Cardiologico Monzino, 20138 Milan, Italy
2
Department of Philosophy “Piero Martinetti”, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
3
Department of Clinical Neurosciences, IRCCS San Raffaele Ville-Turro, 20127 Milan, Italy
4
Department of Oncology and Hemato-Oncology, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Karen Morgan and Efrat Neter
Vaccines 2021, 9(8), 810; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080810
Received: 26 May 2021 / Revised: 12 July 2021 / Accepted: 13 July 2021 / Published: 21 July 2021
Crucial to the success of the COVID-19 vaccination campaign is the rate of people who adhere to it. This study aimed to investigate the reasons underlying people’s willingness to get vaccinated in a sample of Italian adults, considering the effects of different individual characteristics and psychological variables upon positive vs. negative/hesitant vaccination intentions, as well as subjects’ self-reported motivations for such intentions. An anonymous cross-sectional survey was distributed online in February 2021. The results showed that trust in science, number of vaccinations received in 2019, and belief that COVID-19 is more severe than the common flu, were associated with positive vaccination intentions. “Chance externality” health locus of control showed both direct and indirect effects upon positive vaccination intentions. Anxiety symptoms and participants’ perceived psychological status also showed indirect positive effects. Subjects’ self-reported motivations varied interestingly across positive vs. negative/hesitant intentions. Implications of these findings for identifying effective pro-vaccination messages are discussed in the final section of the paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; COVID-19 vaccination; psychology; motivation; health locus of control; anxiety symptoms; psychological wellbeing COVID-19; COVID-19 vaccination; psychology; motivation; health locus of control; anxiety symptoms; psychological wellbeing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Giuliani, M.; Ichino, A.; Bonomi, A.; Martoni, R.; Cammino, S.; Gorini, A. Who Is Willing to Get Vaccinated? A Study into the Psychological, Socio-Demographic, and Cultural Determinants of COVID-19 Vaccination Intentions. Vaccines 2021, 9, 810. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080810

AMA Style

Giuliani M, Ichino A, Bonomi A, Martoni R, Cammino S, Gorini A. Who Is Willing to Get Vaccinated? A Study into the Psychological, Socio-Demographic, and Cultural Determinants of COVID-19 Vaccination Intentions. Vaccines. 2021; 9(8):810. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080810

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giuliani, Mattia, Anna Ichino, Alice Bonomi, Riccardo Martoni, Stefania Cammino, and Alessandra Gorini. 2021. "Who Is Willing to Get Vaccinated? A Study into the Psychological, Socio-Demographic, and Cultural Determinants of COVID-19 Vaccination Intentions" Vaccines 9, no. 8: 810. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080810

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