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Examining Vaccine Hesitancy in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Survey of the Knowledge and Attitudes among Adults to Receive COVID-19 Vaccines in Ghana

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iRIS Research Consortium, 6 Ashur Suites, North Legon, Accra, Ghana
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Department of Agricultural and Food Economics, University for Development Studies, Nyankpala-Tamale P.O. Box 1350, Ghana
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Department of Global Health, School of Public Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi 00233, Ghana
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Kumasi Center for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine (KCCR), Kumasi, Ghana
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Bernhard Nocht Institute of Tropical Medicine, Bernhard-Nocht-Straße 74, 20359 Hamburg, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tiziana Ramaci and Massimiliano Barattucci
Vaccines 2021, 9(8), 814; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080814
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 13 July 2021 / Accepted: 15 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Vaccination and Compliance/Hesitancy)
The impact of COVID-19 vaccination programmes on disease transmission, morbidity and mortality relies heavily on the population’s willingness to accept the vaccine. We explore Ghanaian adult citizens’ vaccine hesitancy attitudes and identify the likelihood of participation or non-participation in the government’s effort to get citizens vaccinated. A fully anonymised cross-sectional online survey of 2345 adult Ghanaians was conducted from 23 to 28 February 2021. Differences in intentions regarding COVID-19 vaccination were explored using Pearson Chi-square tests. Additionally, multinomial logistic regression was used to analyse the factors associated with willingness to receive vaccines. Responses were weighted using the iterative proportional fitting technique to generate a representative sample. About half (51%) of mostly urban adult Ghanaians over 15 years are likely to take the COVID-19 vaccine if made generally available. Almost a fifth (21%) of the respondents were unlikely to take the vaccine, while another 28% were undecided. Additionally, we find differences in vaccine hesitancy among some socio-demographic characteristics such as age, gender, and primary sources of information. Attaining the proverbial 63% to 70% herd immunity threshold in Ghana is only possible if the preventive vaccination programmes are combined with an enhanced and coordinated public education campaign. Such a campaign should focus on promoting the individual and population-level benefits of vaccination and pre-emptive efforts towards addressing misinformation about vaccines. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; public health; vaccine hesitancy; willingness; attitude; Ghana; Sub-Saharan Africa COVID-19; public health; vaccine hesitancy; willingness; attitude; Ghana; Sub-Saharan Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Acheampong, T.; Akorsikumah, E.A.; Osae-Kwapong, J.; Khalid, M.; Appiah, A.; Amuasi, J.H. Examining Vaccine Hesitancy in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Survey of the Knowledge and Attitudes among Adults to Receive COVID-19 Vaccines in Ghana. Vaccines 2021, 9, 814. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080814

AMA Style

Acheampong T, Akorsikumah EA, Osae-Kwapong J, Khalid M, Appiah A, Amuasi JH. Examining Vaccine Hesitancy in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Survey of the Knowledge and Attitudes among Adults to Receive COVID-19 Vaccines in Ghana. Vaccines. 2021; 9(8):814. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080814

Chicago/Turabian Style

Acheampong, Theophilus, Eli A. Akorsikumah, John Osae-Kwapong, Musah Khalid, Alfred Appiah, and John H. Amuasi. 2021. "Examining Vaccine Hesitancy in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Survey of the Knowledge and Attitudes among Adults to Receive COVID-19 Vaccines in Ghana" Vaccines 9, no. 8: 814. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080814

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