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Article

Influenza Vaccination Hesitancy among Healthcare Workers in South Al Batinah Governorate in Oman: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Office of Health Affairs, Ministry of Health, P.O. Box 393, PC 100 Muscat, Oman
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Directorate of Health Services, South Batinah Governorate, Ministry of Health, Oman, P.O. Box 543, PC 329 Rustaq, Oman
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Faculty of Medicine, Center for Infectious Diseases Research, American University of Beirut, 1107 2020 Beirut, Lebanon
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Department of Experimental Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Immunology & Microbiology, American University of Beirut, 1107 2020 Beirut, Lebanon
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Department of Public Health Medicine, University of KwaZulu Natal, Durban PC 4051, South Africa
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Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Fanar, P.O. Box 6573/14 Badaro, Lebanon
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World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo 11371, Egypt
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Vaccines 2020, 8(4), 661; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8040661
Received: 6 October 2020 / Revised: 15 October 2020 / Accepted: 29 October 2020 / Published: 6 November 2020
Background: Seasonal influenza infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are an important target group for vaccination against influenza due to their increased risk of infection and their potential to transmit the infection to their patients, families and communities. The aim of this study was to assess the potential hesitancy and its associated factors towards influenza vaccination amongst HCWs in the South Al Batinah governorate in Oman. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 390 HCWs with direct or indirect patient contact was conducted in May and June 2019 using a self-administered questionnaire. Associations between HCW characteristics and vaccination status were examined using bivariate and multivariate analyses to identify the likelihood of vaccination against seasonal influenza among HCWs. Results: Overall, 60% of HCWs were vaccinated in the 2018/2019 season; vaccine uptake among nurses was 52% and uptake was higher among women. Self-protection and protection of the community were the most cited reasons for vaccine acceptance, with side effects being the main reason for hesitancy. Vaccinated respondents had a higher mean knowledge score (7.18; standard deviation SD: 2.14) than unvaccinated respondents (6.30; SD: 2.2). Odds of vaccination were highest among respondents who believed influenza vaccine should be mandatory for HCWs (Odds ratio (OR): 2.04 [1.30–3.18]), those working in the general medicine, emergency medicine, or intensive care units (OR: 1.92 [1.20–3.10]), nurses and doctors (OR: 1.75 [1.09–2.79]) and those who believe that HCWs should receive an influenza vaccine (OR: 1.35 [1.07–2.77]). Conclusions: The study provides valuable insights into the enablers and barriers of influenza vaccination practices among HCWs and may inform interventions to increase acceptance of vaccination. View Full-Text
Keywords: hesitancy; influenza; vaccination; uptake; healthcare workers; Oman hesitancy; influenza; vaccination; uptake; healthcare workers; Oman
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MDPI and ACS Style

Awaidy, S.T.A.; K. Al Mayahi, Z.; Kaddoura, M.; Mahomed, O.; Lahoud, N.; Abubakar, A.; Zaraket, H. Influenza Vaccination Hesitancy among Healthcare Workers in South Al Batinah Governorate in Oman: A Cross-Sectional Study. Vaccines 2020, 8, 661. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8040661

AMA Style

Awaidy STA, K. Al Mayahi Z, Kaddoura M, Mahomed O, Lahoud N, Abubakar A, Zaraket H. Influenza Vaccination Hesitancy among Healthcare Workers in South Al Batinah Governorate in Oman: A Cross-Sectional Study. Vaccines. 2020; 8(4):661. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8040661

Chicago/Turabian Style

Awaidy, Salah T.A., Zayid K. Al Mayahi, Malak Kaddoura, Ozayr Mahomed, Nathalie Lahoud, Abdinasir Abubakar, and Hassan Zaraket. 2020. "Influenza Vaccination Hesitancy among Healthcare Workers in South Al Batinah Governorate in Oman: A Cross-Sectional Study" Vaccines 8, no. 4: 661. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8040661

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