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Article

COVID-19 Vaccination Intent, Barriers and Facilitators in Healthcare Workers: Insights from a Cross-Sectional Study on 2500 Employees at LMU University Hospital in Munich, Germany

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Institute of Emergency Medicine and Management in Medicine, University Hospital, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany
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Department of Neurology, University Hospital Munich, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 81377 Munich, Germany
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Administrative Department, University Hospital Munich, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 81377 Munich, Germany
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Department of Communication and Media, University Hospital Munich Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany
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Laboratory of Translational Research Stress and Immunity, Department of Anaesthesiology, University Hospital Munich, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 81377 Munich, Germany
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Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry, and Epidemiology—IBE, Chair of Public Health and Health Services Research, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 81377 Munich, Germany
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Pettenkofer School of Public Health, 81377 Munich, Germany
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Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Munich, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Barbara Rath
Vaccines 2022, 10(8), 1231; https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10081231
Received: 26 June 2022 / Revised: 26 July 2022 / Accepted: 29 July 2022 / Published: 31 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vaccines: Uptake and Equity in Times of the COVID-19 Pandemic)
Considering the role of healthcare workers (HCW) in promoting vaccine uptake and previously recorded hesitancy among HCW, we aim to examine the COVID-19 vaccination intent and status of HCW through a cross-sectional anonymous online survey at LMU University Hospital in Munich. Data collection was informed by the Health Belief Model (HBM) and focused on vaccination intent, status and on potential factors affecting the decision-making process. In total, 2555 employees completed the questionnaire. Our data showed that an approving attitude towards recommended vaccines and having received an influenza vaccine in the previous winter were strongly associated with COVID-19 vaccination intent. Further, a positive COVID-19 vaccination status was associated with a higher likelihood of approving the extension of the validity of non-pharmaceutical interventions at the workplace. Our HBM-analysis demonstrated strong associations between the perceived benefits and barriers and COVID-19 vaccination intent. Unchanged or low perceived susceptibility and severity were associated with refusal or indecisiveness. Our findings highlight the factors associated with the decision regarding a COVID-19 vaccine and indicate a pattern-like behavior in the acceptance of novel vaccines by HCW. These insights can help inform the communication aims of vaccination campaigns among HCW within similar organizational contexts or in future outbreaks. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; vaccination; vaccination hesitancy; healthcare workers; health belief model; vaccination; non-pharmaceutical interventions COVID-19; vaccination; vaccination hesitancy; healthcare workers; health belief model; vaccination; non-pharmaceutical interventions
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhelyazkova, A.; Kim, S.; Klein, M.; Prueckner, S.; Horster, S.; Kressirer, P.; Choukér, A.; Coenen, M.; Adorjan, K. COVID-19 Vaccination Intent, Barriers and Facilitators in Healthcare Workers: Insights from a Cross-Sectional Study on 2500 Employees at LMU University Hospital in Munich, Germany. Vaccines 2022, 10, 1231. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10081231

AMA Style

Zhelyazkova A, Kim S, Klein M, Prueckner S, Horster S, Kressirer P, Choukér A, Coenen M, Adorjan K. COVID-19 Vaccination Intent, Barriers and Facilitators in Healthcare Workers: Insights from a Cross-Sectional Study on 2500 Employees at LMU University Hospital in Munich, Germany. Vaccines. 2022; 10(8):1231. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10081231

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhelyazkova, Ana, Selina Kim, Matthias Klein, Stephan Prueckner, Sophia Horster, Philipp Kressirer, Alexander Choukér, Michaela Coenen, and Kristina Adorjan. 2022. "COVID-19 Vaccination Intent, Barriers and Facilitators in Healthcare Workers: Insights from a Cross-Sectional Study on 2500 Employees at LMU University Hospital in Munich, Germany" Vaccines 10, no. 8: 1231. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines10081231

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