Next Article in Journal
A Delphinidin-Enriched Maqui Berry Extract Improves Bone Metabolism and Protects against Bone Loss in Osteopenic Mouse Models
Previous Article in Journal
Sulfuric Odor Precursor S-Allyl-l-Cysteine Sulfoxide in Garlic Induces Detoxifying Enzymes and Prevents Hepatic Injury
Open AccessArticle

Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of the Main Fruits Consumed in the Western Coastal Region of Ecuador as a Source of Health-Promoting Compounds

1
Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias Aplicadas, Grupo de Investigación en Biotecnología Aplicada a Biomedicina, Universidad de Las Américas, Av. de los Granados E12-41y Colimes esq., EC170125 Quito, Ecuador
2
Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias Aplicadas, Grupo de Bio-Químioinformática, Universidad de Las Américas, Av. de los Granados E12-41y Colimes esq., EC170125 Quito, Ecuador
3
Laboratorios de Investigación, Universidad de Las Américas, Av. de los Granados E12-41y Colimes esq., EC170125 Quito, Ecuador
4
Nutrición, Escuela de Salud Pública, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Campus Cumbayá, Diego de Robles s/n, 170901 Quito, Ecuador
5
Departamento de Biotecnología, Universidad de Las Fuerzas Armadas, Túnel Principal Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas-ESPE, 171103 Sangolquí, Ecuador
6
Jardín Botánico de Quito, Quito, Interior Parque Carolina, 170135 Quito, Ecuador
7
Nutrition and Food Science Group, Department of Analytical and Food Chemistry, CITACA, CACTI, University of Vigo—Vigo Campus, 36310 Vigo, Spain
8
Department of Clinical and Molecular Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Polytechnic University of Marche, Via Pietro Ranieri, 60131 Ancona, Italy
9
International Research Center for Food Nutrition and Safety, School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antioxidants 2019, 8(9), 387; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox8090387
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 30 August 2019 / Accepted: 1 September 2019 / Published: 10 September 2019
We studied 19 different tropical fruits traditionally consumed in the coastal lowlands of Ecuador to determine their chemical composition and antioxidant activity. Carambola (Averrhoa carambola L.) had the highest total phenolic, flavonoid, and total antioxidant capacity values, whereas guava fruits (Psidium guajava L.) had the highest vitamin C values. The main organic acids identified were lactic, citric, and acetic acids, and the highest amount of lactic acid was found in soursop fruits (Annona muricata L.), whereas Ecuadorian ivory palm (Phytelephas aequatorialis Spruce) and guava fruits had the highest acetic acid content. Guava also had the highest citric acid content; the highest concentration of oxalic acid was found in carambola. In terms of sugar content, giant granadilla (Passiflora quadrangularis L.) had the highest values of glucose, and red mombin (Spondias mombin L.) had the largest values for fructose and guava for sucrose. Chili pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq) proved to be the main source of carotenoids, lutein, and β-carotene, anthocyanins, and vitamin C. The results here increase our knowledge regarding the composition of the main fruits consumed on the west coast of Ecuador to facilitate recommendations as potential sources of health-promoting compounds. View Full-Text
Keywords: tropical fruits; nutraceuticals; antioxidant capacity; bioactive compounds; Ecuador tropical fruits; nutraceuticals; antioxidant capacity; bioactive compounds; Ecuador
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Guevara, M.; Tejera, E.; Granda-Albuja, M.G.; Iturralde, G.; Chisaguano-Tonato, M.; Granda-Albuja, S.; Jaramillo-Vivanco, T.; Giampieri, F.; Battino, M.; Alvarez-Suarez, J.M. Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of the Main Fruits Consumed in the Western Coastal Region of Ecuador as a Source of Health-Promoting Compounds. Antioxidants 2019, 8, 387.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop