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Neural Foundations of Ayres Sensory Integration®

1
Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Health and Human Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
2
Discipline of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales 2300, Australia
3
Department of Occupational Therapy and Farber Institute for Neuroscience, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
4
STAR Institute for Sensory Processing Disorder, Greenwood Village, CO 80111, USA
5
The Spiral Foundation, Newton, MA 02458, USA
6
Department of Pediatrics, Occupational Therapy Graduate Program, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 871321, USA
7
Collaborative Leadership in Ayres Sensory Integration, Redondo Beach, CA 90277, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(7), 153; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9070153
Received: 11 June 2019 / Revised: 26 June 2019 / Accepted: 27 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Brain Mechanisms of Sensory Processing Disorder)
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PDF [248 KB, uploaded 28 June 2019]
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Abstract

Sensory integration, now trademarked as Ayres Sensory Integration® or ASI, is based on principles of neuroscience and provides a framework for understanding the contributions of the sensory and motor foundations of human behavior. The theory and practice of ASI continues to evolve as greater understanding of the neurobiology of human behavior emerges. In this paper we examine core constructs of ASI identified in the seminal work of Dr. Jean Ayres, and present current neuroscience research that underlies the main patterns of sensory integration function and dysfunction. We consider how current research verifies and clarifies Ayres’ propositions by describing functions of the vestibular, proprioceptive, and tactile sensory systems, and exploring their relationships to ocular, postural, bilateral integration, praxis, and sensory modulation. We close by proposing neuroplasticity as the mechanisms underlying change as a result of ASI intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: sensory integration; neuroscience; sensory registration; sensory modulation; sensory processing; sensory perception; sensory reactivity; dyspraxia sensory integration; neuroscience; sensory registration; sensory modulation; sensory processing; sensory perception; sensory reactivity; dyspraxia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Lane, S.J.; Mailloux, Z.; Schoen, S.; Bundy, A.; May-Benson, T.A.; Parham, L.D.; Smith Roley, S.; Schaaf, R.C. Neural Foundations of Ayres Sensory Integration®. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 153.

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