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Open AccessArticle

Speed-Interactive Pedaling Training Using Smartphone Virtual Reality Application for Stroke Patients: Single-Blinded, Randomized Clinical Trial

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Kyungdong University, Gangwon-do, 24764, Korea
Brain Sci. 2019, 9(11), 295; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci9110295
Received: 17 September 2019 / Revised: 22 October 2019 / Accepted: 25 October 2019 / Published: 27 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Collection on Clinical Neuroscience)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of speed-interactive pedaling training (SIPT) using a smartphone virtual reality application to improve lower limb motor function, trunk sitting balance, and gait in stroke patients. Forty-two patients who had previously experienced a stroke and could sit independently participated in the study. The subjects were assigned to the SIPT group (n = 21) and the control group (n = 21). The SIPT group had cycle training with SIPT for 40 min a day, five days a week, in a six-week period, in addition to conventional therapy. The control group had cycle training without SIPT and conventional therapy. The Fugl–Meyer Assessment, postural sway, modified functional reach test, trunk impairment scale, and spatiotemporal parameters of gait were used to assess the changes in lower extremity function, the static balance of sitting, the dynamic balance of sitting, and gait ability after the intervention. The Fugl–Meyer Assessment, postural sway, modified functional reach test, trunk impairment scale, and gait ability in the SIPT group were significantly better compared to that of the control group (p < 0.05). Based on this result, we propose that SIPT, which improves function, balance, and gait, could be used as an effective training method to improve patients’ functional activities in the clinical setting. The results of this study suggest that SIPT could be used as an effective training method to restore a patient’s function by improving trunk balance and motor function. View Full-Text
Keywords: stroke; pedaling; virtual reality; trunk; postural balance stroke; pedaling; virtual reality; trunk; postural balance
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Lee, K. Speed-Interactive Pedaling Training Using Smartphone Virtual Reality Application for Stroke Patients: Single-Blinded, Randomized Clinical Trial. Brain Sci. 2019, 9, 295.

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