Next Article in Journal
Recurrent Hemorrhagic Conversion of Ischemic Stroke in a Patient with Mechanical Heart Valve: A Case Report and Literature Review
Previous Article in Journal
Neurodegeneration and Sensorimotor Deficits in the Mouse Model of Traumatic Brain Injury
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Brain Sci. 2018, 8(1), 10;

Effects of Early Neglect Experience on Recognition and Processing of Facial Expressions: A Systematic Review

Departamento de Psiquiatria, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, 05403-010 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 November 2017 / Revised: 29 December 2017 / Accepted: 29 December 2017 / Published: 6 January 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [884 KB, uploaded 7 January 2018]   |  
  |   Review Reports


Background: Child neglect is highly prevalent and associated with a series of biological and social consequences. Early neglect may alter the recognition of emotional faces, but its precise impact remains unclear. We aim to review and analyze data from recent literature about recognition and processing of facial expressions in individuals with history of childhood neglect. Methods: We conducted a systematic review using PubMed, PsycINFO, ScIELO and EMBASE databases in the search of studies for the past 10 years. Results: In total, 14 studies were selected and critically reviewed. A heterogeneity was detected across methods and sample frames. Results were mixed across studies. Different forms of alterations to perception of facial expressions were found across 12 studies. There was alteration to the recognition and processing of both positive and negative emotions, but for emotional face processing there was predominance in alteration toward negative emotions. Conclusions: This is the first review to examine specifically the effects of early neglect experience as a prevalent condition of child maltreatment. The results of this review are inconclusive due to methodological diversity, implement of distinct instruments and differences in the composition of the samples. Despite these limitations, some studies support our hypothesis that individuals with history of early negligence may present alteration to the ability to perceive face expressions of emotions. The article brings relevant information that can help in the development of more effective therapeutic strategies to reduce the impact of neglect on the cognitive and emotional development of the child. View Full-Text
Keywords: child neglect; facial recognition; facial emotion; child maltreatment; review child neglect; facial recognition; facial emotion; child maltreatment; review

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Doretto, V.; Scivoletto, S. Effects of Early Neglect Experience on Recognition and Processing of Facial Expressions: A Systematic Review. Brain Sci. 2018, 8, 10.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Brain Sci. EISSN 2076-3425 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top