Next Article in Journal
Rekindling Action Language: A Neuromodulatory Study on Parkinson’s Disease Patients
Next Article in Special Issue
Spatial Learning in a Virtual Environment: The Role of Self-Efficacy Feedback and Individual Visuospatial Factors
Previous Article in Journal
Brain Activity-Based Metrics for Assessing Learning States in VR under Stress among Firefighters: An Explorative Machine Learning Approach in Neuroergonomics
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Fear to Move in a Crowded Environment. Poor Spatial Memory Related to Agoraphobic Disorder
Article

Sex Differences and the Role of Gaming Experience in Spatial Cognition Performance in Primary School Children: An Exploratory Study

1
Donders Institute for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6525 XZ Nijmegen, The Netherlands
2
Green Dino, 6708 PB Wageningen, The Netherlands
3
Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, 6525 XZ Nijmegen, The Netherlands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jose Manuel Cimadevilla
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(7), 886; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11070886
Received: 3 June 2021 / Revised: 23 June 2021 / Accepted: 28 June 2021 / Published: 1 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of Virtual Reality in Spatial Memory)
Sex differences are repeatedly observed in spatial cognition tasks. However, the role of environmental factors such as gaming experience remains unclear. In this exploratory study, navigation and object-relocation were combined in a naturalistic virtual reality-based spatial task. The sample consisted of n = 53 Dutch children aged 9–11 years. Overall, girls (n = 24) and boys (n = 29) performed equally accurately, although there was an increase in accuracy with age for boys (ηp2 = 0.09). Boys navigated faster than girls (ηp2 = 0.29), and this difference increased with age (ηp2 = 0.07). More gaming experience in boys versus girls (Cohen’s d = 0.88) did not explain any result observed. We encourage future confirmatory studies to use the paradigm presented here to investigate the current results in a larger sample. These findings could be beneficial for optimizing spatial cognition training interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: spatial cognitive development; object location memory; navigation; virtual reality; sex differences; gaming experience spatial cognitive development; object location memory; navigation; virtual reality; sex differences; gaming experience
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

van Dun, C.; van Kraaij, A.; Wegman, J.; Kuipers, J.; Aarts, E.; Janzen, G. Sex Differences and the Role of Gaming Experience in Spatial Cognition Performance in Primary School Children: An Exploratory Study. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 886. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11070886

AMA Style

van Dun C, van Kraaij A, Wegman J, Kuipers J, Aarts E, Janzen G. Sex Differences and the Role of Gaming Experience in Spatial Cognition Performance in Primary School Children: An Exploratory Study. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(7):886. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11070886

Chicago/Turabian Style

van Dun, Claudia, Alex van Kraaij, Joost Wegman, Jorrit Kuipers, Esther Aarts, and Gabriele Janzen. 2021. "Sex Differences and the Role of Gaming Experience in Spatial Cognition Performance in Primary School Children: An Exploratory Study" Brain Sciences 11, no. 7: 886. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11070886

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop