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Article

Changes in Cortical Activity during Preferred and Fast Speed Walking under Single- and Dual-Tasks in the Young-Old and Old-Old Elderly

by 1,2, 1, 1,* and 1,2,3,*
1
Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Center for Prevention and Rehabilitation, Heart Vascular Stroke Institute, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul 06351, Korea
2
Department of Health Sciences and Technology, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul 06355, Korea
3
Department of Medical Device Management & Research, Department of Digital Health, SAIHST, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul 06355, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ana Maria Bugă
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(12), 1551; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11121551
Received: 15 October 2021 / Revised: 18 November 2021 / Accepted: 22 November 2021 / Published: 23 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Topic Age-Related Neurodegenerative Diseases and Stroke)
In the elderly, walking while simultaneously engaging in other activities becomes more difficult. This study aimed to examine the changes in cortical activity during walking with aging. We try to reveal the effects of an additional task and increased walking speed on cortical activation in the young-old and the old-old elderly. Twenty-seven young-old (70.2 ± 3.0 years) and 23 old-old (78.0 ± 2.3 years) participated in this study. Each subject completed four walking tasks on the treadmill, a 2 × 2 design; two single-task (ST) walking conditions with self-selected walking speed (SSWS) and fast walking speed (FWS), and two dual-task (DT) walking conditions with SSWS and FWS. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy was applied for measurement of cerebral oxyhemoglobin (oxyHb) concentration during walking. Cortical activities were increased during DT conditions compared with ST conditions but decreased during the FWS compared with the SSWS on the primary leg motor cortex, supplementary motor area, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in both the young-old and the old-old. These oxyHb concentration changes were significantly less prominent in the old-old than in the young-old. This study demonstrated that changes in cortical activity during dual-task walking are lower in the old-old than in the young-old, reflecting the reduced adaptive plasticity with severe aging. View Full-Text
Keywords: functional near-infrared spectroscopy; cortical activity; gait; dual-task walking; aging functional near-infrared spectroscopy; cortical activity; gait; dual-task walking; aging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, J.; Lee, G.; Lee, J.; Kim, Y.-H. Changes in Cortical Activity during Preferred and Fast Speed Walking under Single- and Dual-Tasks in the Young-Old and Old-Old Elderly. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 1551. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11121551

AMA Style

Kim J, Lee G, Lee J, Kim Y-H. Changes in Cortical Activity during Preferred and Fast Speed Walking under Single- and Dual-Tasks in the Young-Old and Old-Old Elderly. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(12):1551. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11121551

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Jinuk, Gihyoun Lee, Jungsoo Lee, and Yun-Hee Kim. 2021. "Changes in Cortical Activity during Preferred and Fast Speed Walking under Single- and Dual-Tasks in the Young-Old and Old-Old Elderly" Brain Sciences 11, no. 12: 1551. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11121551

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