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Cerebral Substrates for Controlling Rhythmic Movements

Section of Neuroscience, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Kyoto 484-8501, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(8), 514; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080514
Received: 15 June 2020 / Revised: 23 July 2020 / Accepted: 30 July 2020 / Published: 3 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rhythmic Motor Pattern Generation)
Our daily lives are filled with rhythmic movements, such as walking, sports, and dancing, but the mechanisms by which the brain controls rhythmic movements are poorly understood. In this review, we examine the literature on neuropsychological studies of patients with focal brain lesions, and functional brain imaging studies primarily using finger-tapping tasks. These studies suggest a close connection between sensory and motor processing of rhythm, with no apparent distinction between the two functions. Thus, we conducted two functional brain imaging studies to survey the rhythm representations relatively independent of sensory and motor functions. First, we determined brain activations related to rhythm processing in a sensory modality-independent manner. Second, we examined body part-independent brain activation related to rhythm reproduction. Based on previous literature, we discuss how brain areas contribute rhythmic motor control. Furthermore, we also discuss the mechanisms by which the brain controls rhythmic movements. View Full-Text
Keywords: rhythm; finger-tapping; brain imaging; patient study; neuroscience rhythm; finger-tapping; brain imaging; patient study; neuroscience
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MDPI and ACS Style

Konoike, N.; Nakamura, K. Cerebral Substrates for Controlling Rhythmic Movements. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 514. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080514

AMA Style

Konoike N, Nakamura K. Cerebral Substrates for Controlling Rhythmic Movements. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(8):514. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080514

Chicago/Turabian Style

Konoike, Naho; Nakamura, Katsuki. 2020. "Cerebral Substrates for Controlling Rhythmic Movements" Brain Sci. 10, no. 8: 514. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080514

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