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Article

Grammatical Comprehension in Italian Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

1
IRCCS Stella Maris Foundation, Calambrone, 56018 Pisa, Italy
2
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Savi, 10, 56126 Pisa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(8), 510; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080510
Received: 26 June 2020 / Revised: 28 July 2020 / Accepted: 30 July 2020 / Published: 2 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Autism Research)
Language deficits represent one of the most relevant factors that determine the clinical phenotype of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The main aim of the research was to study the grammatical comprehension of children with ASD. A sample of 70 well-diagnosed children (60 boys and 10 girls; aged 4.9–8 years) were prospectively recruited. The results showed that language comprehension is the most impaired language domain in ASD. These findings have important clinical implications, since the persistence of grammatical receptive deficits may have a negative impact on social, adaptive and learning achievements. As for the grammatical profiles, persistent difficulties were found during the school-age years in morphological and syntactic decoding in children with relatively preserved cognitive and expressive language skills. These data and the lack of a statistically significant correlation between the severity of ASD symptoms and language skills are in line with the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition) perspective that considers the socio-communication disorder as a nuclear feature of ASD and the language disorder as a specifier of the diagnosis and not as a secondary symptom anymore. The presence of receptive difficulties in school-age ASD children with relatively preserved non-verbal cognitive abilities provides important hints to establish rehabilitative treatments. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder; language profiles; grammatical comprehension autism spectrum disorder; language profiles; grammatical comprehension
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barsotti, J.; Mangani, G.; Nencioli, R.; Pfanner, L.; Tancredi, R.; Cosenza, A.; Sesso, G.; Narzisi, A.; Muratori, F.; Cipriani, P.; Chilosi, A.M. Grammatical Comprehension in Italian Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 510. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080510

AMA Style

Barsotti J, Mangani G, Nencioli R, Pfanner L, Tancredi R, Cosenza A, Sesso G, Narzisi A, Muratori F, Cipriani P, Chilosi AM. Grammatical Comprehension in Italian Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(8):510. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080510

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barsotti, Jessica, Gloria Mangani, Roberta Nencioli, Lucia Pfanner, Raffaella Tancredi, Angela Cosenza, Gianluca Sesso, Antonio Narzisi, Filippo Muratori, Paola Cipriani, and Anna M. Chilosi 2020. "Grammatical Comprehension in Italian Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder" Brain Sciences 10, no. 8: 510. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080510

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