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Open AccessReview

Autistic-Like Features in Visually Impaired Children: A Review of Literature and Directions for Future Research

1
Unit of Child Neurology and Psychiatry, ASST Spedali Civili of Brescia, 25121 Brescia, Italy
2
Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia, 25121 Brescia, Italy
3
Laboratory for Visual Neuroplasticity, Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(8), 507; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10080507
Received: 9 July 2020 / Revised: 24 July 2020 / Accepted: 24 July 2020 / Published: 1 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Autism Research)
There remains great interest in understanding the relationship between visual impairment (VI) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) due to the extraordinarily high prevalence of ASD in blind and visually impaired children. The broad variability across individuals and assessment methodologies have made it difficult to understand whether autistic-like symptoms shown by some children with VI might reflect the influence of the visual deficit, or represent a primary neurodevelopmental condition that occurs independently of the VI itself. In the absence of a valid methodology adapted for the visually impaired population, diagnosis of ASD in children with VI is often based on non-objective clinical impression, with inconclusive prevalence data. In this review, we discuss the current state of knowledge and suggest directions for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder; autistic-like features; social-cognitive development; stereotypical behaviors; visual impairment autism spectrum disorder; autistic-like features; social-cognitive development; stereotypical behaviors; visual impairment
MDPI and ACS Style

Molinaro, A.; Micheletti, S.; Rossi, A.; Gitti, F.; Galli, J.; Merabet, L.B.; Fazzi, E.M. Autistic-Like Features in Visually Impaired Children: A Review of Literature and Directions for Future Research. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 507.

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