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Keeping in Touch with Mental Health: The Orienting Reflex and Behavioral Outcomes from Calatonia

1
Faculty of Psychology, University of Barcelona, 08035 Barcelona, Spain
2
Social and Cognitive Science Laboratory, Centre for Health and Biological Sciences, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, São Paulo 01241, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(3), 182; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10030182
Received: 8 February 2020 / Revised: 19 March 2020 / Accepted: 20 March 2020 / Published: 22 March 2020
Physical and psychological therapy based on touch has been gradually integrated into broader mental health settings in the past two decades, evolving from a variety of psychodynamic, neurobiological and trauma-based approaches, as well as Eastern and spiritual philosophies and other integrative and converging systems. Nevertheless, with the exception of a limited number of well-known massage therapy techniques, only a few structured protocols of touch therapy have been standardized and researched to date. This article describes a well-defined protocol of touch therapy in the context of psychotherapy—the Calatonia technique—which engages the orienting reflex. The orienting reflex hypothesis is explored here as one of the elements of this technique that helps to decrease states of hypervigilance and chronic startle reactivity (startle and defensive reflexes) and restore positive motivational and appetitive states. View Full-Text
Keywords: orienting reflex; motivational system; touch therapy; integrative psychotherapy; somatic psychology orienting reflex; motivational system; touch therapy; integrative psychotherapy; somatic psychology
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Blanchard, A.R.; Comfort, W.E. Keeping in Touch with Mental Health: The Orienting Reflex and Behavioral Outcomes from Calatonia. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 182.

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