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Open AccessArticle

Mindfulness and Psychological Flexibility are Inversely Associated with Caregiver Burden in Parkinson’s Disease

1
Department of Neurology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Straße 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
2
Behavioral Engineering Research Group, KU Leuven, Naamsestraat 69, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
3
Department of Psychiatry, Social Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Straße 1, 30625 Hannover, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equal to the study.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(2), 111; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10020111
Received: 14 January 2020 / Revised: 4 February 2020 / Accepted: 17 February 2020 / Published: 20 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Collection on Clinical Neuroscience)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative movement disorder with progressive impairments in activities of daily living. With disease progression, people with PD (PwP) need more help and care from their spouses or professional caregivers. Identifying factors that help caregivers to cope with their burden is needed to frame future interventions for PwP caregivers. Mindfulness and psychological flexibility might be factors contributing to resilience against the burden of giving care. In this cross-sectional questionnaire-based study, 118 PwP and their respective primary caregivers were included. Caregivers reported moderate burden and only mild depressive symptoms. Mindfulness measured by the Mindfulness Attention and Awareness scale (p 0.003) and psychological flexibility measured by Acceptance and Actions Questionnaire II (p 0.001) correlated negatively with caregiver burden. Data from this study indicate mindfulness and psychological flexibility are factors contributing to resilience against caregiver burden. Future interventions to reduce burden in PwP caregivers might be improved by the inclusion of mindfulness training programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; caregiver burden; mindfulness; psychological flexibility; health-related quality of life Parkinson’s disease; caregiver burden; mindfulness; psychological flexibility; health-related quality of life
MDPI and ACS Style

Klietz, M.; Drexel, S.C.; Schnur, T.; Lange, F.; Groh, A.; Paracka, L.; Greten, S.; Dressler, D.; Höglinger, G.U.; Wegner, F. Mindfulness and Psychological Flexibility are Inversely Associated with Caregiver Burden in Parkinson’s Disease. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 111.

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