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Open AccessReview

The Missing Pieces of the Puzzle: A Review on the Interactive Nature of A-Priori Expectancies and Attention Bias toward Threat

1
School of Psychological Sciences, University of Haifa, 3498838 Haifa, Israel
2
The Integrated Brain and Behavior Research Center (IBBR), University of Haifa, 3498838 Haifa, Israel
3
Department of Psychology, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(10), 745; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100745
Received: 9 September 2020 / Revised: 13 October 2020 / Accepted: 14 October 2020 / Published: 17 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Cognitive Neuroscience)
The role of attention bias in the etiology and maintenance of anxiety disorders has been studied extensively over decades. Attention bias reflects maladaptation in cognitive processing, as perceived threatening stimuli receive prioritized processing even when they are task-irrelevant or factually unthreatening. Recently, there has been some interest in the role of a-priori expectancies in attention bias toward threat. The current review article will present recent studies as examples that emphasize the need for more comprehensive research about the interactive effects of various factors that affect the relationship between expectancies and attention bias toward threatening stimuli in anxiety. The current review article suggests a holistic view, which advocates for more integrative research, as a dynamic network could underlie changes in attention bias. The study of the interaction between such factors, with a focus on expectancy, can lead to more ecological and clinically important results, and thus to more informed and fine-tuned treatments that are based on manipulation of expectancies. Such methods, in turn, can also help in shedding light on the research of attention bias, in a mutual relationship between research and therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: attention bias; expectancy attention bias modification; anxiety disorders; emotion attention bias; expectancy attention bias modification; anxiety disorders; emotion
MDPI and ACS Style

Abado, E.; Aue, T.; Okon-Singer, H. The Missing Pieces of the Puzzle: A Review on the Interactive Nature of A-Priori Expectancies and Attention Bias toward Threat. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 745. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100745

AMA Style

Abado E, Aue T, Okon-Singer H. The Missing Pieces of the Puzzle: A Review on the Interactive Nature of A-Priori Expectancies and Attention Bias toward Threat. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(10):745. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100745

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abado, Elinor; Aue, Tatjana; Okon-Singer, Hadas. 2020. "The Missing Pieces of the Puzzle: A Review on the Interactive Nature of A-Priori Expectancies and Attention Bias toward Threat" Brain Sci. 10, no. 10: 745. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100745

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