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Article

Mental Health and Family Functioning in Patients and Their Family Members after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Oslo University Hospital, P.B. 4950 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway
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Institute of Health and Society, Research Centre for Habilitation and Rehabilitation Models & Services (CHARM), Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, 0318 Oslo, Norway
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Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, 48903 Barakaldo, Spain
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IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48009 Bilbao, Spain
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Department of Cell Biology and Histology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 48940 Leioa, Spain
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Department of Psychology, University of Oslo, 0317 Oslo, Norway
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Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, OsloMet—Oslo Metropolitan University, 0130 Oslo, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(10), 670; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100670
Received: 31 August 2020 / Revised: 23 September 2020 / Accepted: 23 September 2020 / Published: 25 September 2020
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) affects the family as a whole. This study aimed to describe and compare mental health and family functioning in TBI patients and their family members, and to identify individual and family-related factors that were associated with mental health. It was conducted at an urban, specialized, TBI outpatient clinic and included 61 patients with mild to severe TBI and 63 family members. Baseline demographics and injury-related data were collected, and the participants answered standardized, self-reported questionnaires 6–18 months post-injury that assessed mental health; general health; family functioning, communication, and satisfaction; depression and anxiety; self-efficacy; resilience; and condition-specific quality of life. The patients reported significantly worse mental health, depression, resilience, self-efficacy, and general health compared with the family members. Patients and family members had similar perceptions, showing balanced family functioning, high family communication levels, and moderate family satisfaction. Factors significantly associated with mental health in patients and family members were depression, anxiety, and resilience, explaining 56% of the variance (p < 0.001). Family-related factors were not associated with mental health. The disease burden was mainly on the patients; however, the family members also reported emotional distress. Family-targeted interventions across the TBI continuum should be considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: traumatic brain injury; quality of life; family functioning; rehabilitation traumatic brain injury; quality of life; family functioning; rehabilitation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rasmussen, M.S.; Arango-Lasprilla, J.C.; Andelic, N.; Nordenmark, T.H.; Soberg, H.L. Mental Health and Family Functioning in Patients and Their Family Members after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Cross-Sectional Study. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 670. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100670

AMA Style

Rasmussen MS, Arango-Lasprilla JC, Andelic N, Nordenmark TH, Soberg HL. Mental Health and Family Functioning in Patients and Their Family Members after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Cross-Sectional Study. Brain Sciences. 2020; 10(10):670. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100670

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rasmussen, Mari S., Juan C. Arango-Lasprilla, Nada Andelic, Tonje H. Nordenmark, and Helene L. Soberg. 2020. "Mental Health and Family Functioning in Patients and Their Family Members after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Cross-Sectional Study" Brain Sciences 10, no. 10: 670. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10100670

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