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Biochar from Microwave Pyrolysis of Artemisia Slengensis: Characterization and Methylene Blue Adsorption Capacity

1
College of Engineering, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210031, China
2
Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(9), 1813; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9091813
Received: 23 March 2019 / Revised: 24 April 2019 / Accepted: 26 April 2019 / Published: 1 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Carbon Materials from Biomass and Their Applications)
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Abstract

In this research, artemisia selengensis was used to produce biochar via microwave pyrolysis. The influence of pyrolysis temperature, heating rates, temperature holding time and additive on the biochar yield and adsorbability were all investigated. The results suggest that the biochar yield decreased with the increase of pyrolysis temperature while the adsorbability of the biochar increased with an increase of the pyrolysis temperature; the biochar yield and its adsorbability could achieve the desired value when the heating rate and temperature holding time were in a specific scope; the biochar yield decreased when an additive was added; the adsorbability of the biochar could be increased by adding ZnCl2 (metal chloride) and Na2CO3 (metal carbonate). According to the orthogonal experiments, the optimal conditions for biochar production were: pyrolysis temperature 550 °C, heating rate 2 °C/s, temperature holding time 15 min, without additive. View Full-Text
Keywords: artemisia selengensis; microwave pyrolysis; biochar; adsorbability artemisia selengensis; microwave pyrolysis; biochar; adsorbability
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Li, X.; Li, K.; Geng, C.; Mashad, H.E.; Li, H.; Yin, W. Biochar from Microwave Pyrolysis of Artemisia Slengensis: Characterization and Methylene Blue Adsorption Capacity. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1813.

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