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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(8), 1545; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9081545

The Relationship between In-Cylinder Flow-Field near Spark Plug Areas, the Spark Behavior, and the Combustion Performance inside an Optical S.I. Engine

Imagineering, Inc., 7-4-4 Minatojima-Minami, Chuo, Kobe 650-0047, Japan
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Received: 11 March 2019 / Revised: 1 April 2019 / Accepted: 8 April 2019 / Published: 14 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progress in Combustion Diagnostics, Science and Technology)
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Abstract

The stringent regulations that were placed on gasoline vehicles demand significant improvement of the powertrain unit, not only to become cleaner but also more efficient. Therefore, there is a strong need to understand the complex in-cylinder processes that will have a direct effect on the combustion quality. This study applied multiple high-speed optical imaging to investigate the interaction between the in-cylinder flow, the spark, the flame, and combustion performance. These individual elements have been studied closely in the literature but the combined effect is not well understood. Simultaneous imaging of in-cylinder flow and flame tomography using high-speed Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), as well as simultaneous high-speed spark imaging, were applied to port-injected optical gasoline imaging. The captured images were processed using in-house MATLAB algorithms and the deduced data shows a trend that higher in-cylinder flow velocity near the spark will increase the stretch distance of the spark and decrease the ignition delay. However, these do not have much effect on the combustion duration, and it is the flow-field in the entire area surrounding the flame development that will influence how fast the combustion and flame growth will occur. View Full-Text
Keywords: flow-field; flame-front; gasoline engine; flame propagation; turbulence flow-field; flame-front; gasoline engine; flame propagation; turbulence
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Nishiyama, A.; Le, M.K.; Furui, T.; Ikeda, Y. The Relationship between In-Cylinder Flow-Field near Spark Plug Areas, the Spark Behavior, and the Combustion Performance inside an Optical S.I. Engine. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1545.

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